Argentina under Juan Peron

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What happened during 1816
Argentina gained independence from Spain
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What happened during 1912
Electoral Reform Law- universal male suffrage, compulsory voting, secret ballot
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What happened during 1929
Wall street crash- led to Great Depression
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What happened during the 1930s
Start of 'infamous decade'
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What happened during 1939
Outbreak of WWII- Argentina neutral
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What happened during 1932 on
Concordancia govts (lasted till '43))- corruption, coups d'etat, rigged elections. Political parties repressed; disillusionment w/ democracy
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What happened during 1943 (6)
Jun: Concordancia govt. overthrown in a coup by GOU (united officers group). Dec: Peron became minister of Labour, & later the secretary of labour & when department enlarged, implemented social & welfare reforms- improve worker living standards, crea
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What happened during 1944 (2)
Peron promoted to Vice President, San Juan Earthquake- Peron put himself at the head of the relief effort. Met Eva Duarte at fundraising event
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What happened during 1945 (5)
Teaching catholic religion & morals in schools became compulsory, Peron arrested by opponents within the army & imprisoned in Martin Garcia, Huge crowd of Descamisdos march on Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires demanding release. Govt. forced to release h
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What happened during 1946
Dept, of religious teaching established, Feb- Peron successfully ran for the Presidency as Partido Laborista candidate, elected 11% ahead of nearest rival- victory due to patronage, populism, charisma, eva, nationalism, dissolved labour party & repla
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What happened during 1947 (3)
Cipriano Reyes ( Meat Packers Union) & Luis Gay ( Telephone Workers Union) arrested & tortured on false charges of spying for USA, woman's suffrage bill passed, rights of girls & young woman in secondary & higher education improved
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What happened during 1949 (2)
strike by sugar workers- brutally broken up by army & police, Descato Law- prohibited criticism of the govt. in the press
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What happened during 1950
Number of woman at uni had doubled in 6 years
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What happened during 1951 (6)
Peron relected w/ 68% votes (58% in 1946), woman voted 1rst time:90% females turned out 65% voted peron, 24 elected congress, due to media control, opposite candidates: no coverage, La Prensa (most pop newspaper in Buenos Aires) closed down,
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What happened during 1953
Peron's 2nd year plan
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What happened during 1954
govt. tries to legalise divorce & prostitution, peron tries to ban Christian-Democrat Party which RC church helped to found, RC priests used pastoral letter (read in mass) to denounce Peron, raft of anti-catholic measures implemented by peron 54-5
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What happened during June 1955
Peron excommunicated by Pope Pius XII
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What happened during 1952
Eva died: 8 people died & many injured in crush to see her body, some called for her to be canonised (made a saint)
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What happened during the summer of 1955 (3)
Peronist mass rally in Plaza de Mayo bombed by air squadron- over 350 killed, in retaliation Peroinsts attacked churches and clerics; arson attacks became frequent, Peron appealed for 5:1 destruction ratio; killing 5 opponents for every dead Peronist
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What happened during Sept 1955 (2)
Peronn ioverthrown by army faction by General Eduardo Lonardi, Peron fled to araguay
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Why did the army help to overthrow Peron?
Army v/ loyal to Catholic church; peron had previously gained their support through patronage but never managed to completely gain support
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What happened from 1955-73
Peronists remained a political force although at times banned, Peron remained in contact w/ key alliese.g trade unions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happened during 1912

Back

Electoral Reform Law- universal male suffrage, compulsory voting, secret ballot

Card 3

Front

What happened during 1929

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened during the 1930s

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened during 1939

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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