Arenes

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What electrophile do you need for nitration?
NO2 +
1 of 10
How do you form the electrophile (NO2 +) for nitration ?
HNO3 + 2 H2SO4 -----> NO2+ + H3O+ + 2HSO4-
2 of 10
What are the conditions for nitration?
conc . HNO3 and conc. H2SO4
3 of 10
what temperature should the nitration of arenes occur at?
not over 50*
4 of 10
What ion does the alkylation of arenes need?
CH3 +
5 of 10
How do you form the CH3 + ion ?
CH3Cl + AlCl3 ----> CH3 + + AlCl4 -
6 of 10
What are the conditions for Alkylation?
Chloroalkane + AlCl3 catalyst
7 of 10
What ion do you need for acylation?
CH3CO
8 of 10
How do you form the acylium ion?
CH3COCl + AlCl3 ----> CH3CO+ + AlCl4-
9 of 10
What are the conditions for acylation?
acyl chrloide and AlCl3 (catalyst)
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How do you form the electrophile (NO2 +) for nitration ?

Back

HNO3 + 2 H2SO4 -----> NO2+ + H3O+ + 2HSO4-

Card 3

Front

What are the conditions for nitration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what temperature should the nitration of arenes occur at?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What ion does the alkylation of arenes need?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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