Archaeology - Greek 1

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Where is the Greek colony of Metapontum located?
South coast of Italy
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What is an Antilabe on an armed Greek hoplite?
the elbow strap inside the sheild
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Where is the Greek colony of Pithekoussai located?
West coast of Italy
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The primary function of an acropolis was religious - to be the city's main temple to its chief god/goddess. True or False
False - The primary function of any acropolis was defensive - to be a refuge in times of danger.
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Define 'Apoikia'?
colony
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Define 'Oikist'?
leader of colonies
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Define 'Emporion'?
trading post
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Define 'Emporoi'?
trader
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What was the Panopoly?
helmet and breastplate of hoplite
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What 3 elements made up the Greek Polis?
asty, demos, khora
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Who did Aristotle credit with having been the inventor if Greek city planning?
Hippadamus of Miletus
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Connoisseurship?
The practice of identifying the work of different artistic 'hands' in the archaeological record, based on the accumulated knowledge of the individual researcher.
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Cabotage?
The practice of coastal trading by which small vessels load and off-load various commodities in different ports.
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Skeumorphic?
When an artefact of one material is crafted in imitation of the appearance of an artefact of another material, usually of higher value.
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Negotiation?
When the meaning of use of an artefact is changed by a society.
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Remittance?
The right to return to one's country of origin.
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Where is an Architrave on a building?
a main beam resting across the tops of columns.
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What is a metope?
a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs
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Temenos?
The sacred enclosure around a temple.
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Propylon?
The entrance to a sacred enclosure
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Bothros?
A sacred pit, usually for votives or sacrifical remains
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Xoanon?
The sacred image of the deity, usually fashioned out of wood
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Pediment?
a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns
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Frieze
the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain
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Capital?
the topmost member of a column
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Akroterion?
ornament placed on a flat base and mounted at the apex of the pediment of a building in the Classical style
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Trigylph?
the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze
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Krepidoma?
the platform on which the superstructure of the building is erected
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Guttae?
a small water-repelling, cone-shaped projection used in the architrave
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Socle?
a short plinth used to support a pedestal, sculpture or column
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What buildings lie on the acropolis at Athens?
The Parthenon, The Erechtheum, The Propylaea, The Temple of Athena Nike, The Temple of Zeus Olympios
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Where is Olympia?
Western Peloponnese
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an Antilabe on an armed Greek hoplite?

Back

the elbow strap inside the sheild

Card 3

Front

Where is the Greek colony of Pithekoussai located?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The primary function of an acropolis was religious - to be the city's main temple to its chief god/goddess. True or False

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define 'Apoikia'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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