AQA unit 1

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  • Created by: VillyDawg
  • Created on: 26-04-14 18:40
What is an aria?
One voice with orchestral accompaniment, found in opera.
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What is a chorus?
An organised group of singers – SATB
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What is recitative?
A style of delivery in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech, often monotone.
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What is recitative secco?
An accompaniment of just cello and harpsichord playing chords.
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What is recitative accompagnato?
An orchestral accompaniment, usually more complex.
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Who composed "And with his stripes we are healed" and what is it?
A chorus composed by Handel.
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What are the three main harmony points in "And with his stripes we are healed"?
Key of F minor. Modulates to C minor, E♭major, A♭major. Ends in C minor with a tierce de Picardie (last chord C major)
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What is the texture of "And with his stripes we are healed"?
Polyphonic.
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What is an unusual melodic feature of "And with his stripes we are healed"?
The use of a major 7th interval.
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Who is "And with his stripes we are healed" written for?
SATB choir
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What are the dynamics of "And with his stripes we are healed"?
Starts mf, changes to f.
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What is the structure of "And with his stripes we are healed"?
Fugal
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Who composed "Gloria" and what is it?
A chorus composed by Vivaldi.
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What are the 4 main harmony points in "Gloria"?
D major, B minor. Circle of 5ths – bars 8-16. Dominant pedal – Bars 22-24. Ends on a perfect cadence.
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What is the main melodic technique used in "Gloria"?
Sequences. Eg. bars 50-54
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What are the main two textural points in "Gloria"?
First 3 bars are polyphonic. Choir is homophonic
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What is the structure of "Gloria"?
Ritonello – ABACADA – A section changes in length and key.
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Who composed "The trumpet shall sound" and what is it?
An aria composed by Handel.
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What are the main three harmony points in "The trumpet shall sound"?
D major - A section. B minor - B section. Interrupted cadence towards the end of the A section.
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What is the texture of "The trumpet shall sound"?
Homophonic.
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What three melodic techniques are used in "The trumpet shall sound"?
Melisma on "changed". Hemiola in the B section. Sequences in the A section.
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What are the two main voice writing points in "The trumpet shall sound"?
Bass solo. Word painting on "shall be raised".
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What are the dynamics in "The trumpet shall sound"?
f
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What are the five main structural points in "The trumpet shall sound"?
De cappo aria. Ternary (ABA) with an introduction. Full orchestra in A section. Basso continuo in B section. Adagio at the end of the A and B section - elaborate endings.
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What is the texture of songs' numbers 14-16 in Handel's Messiah?
Homophonic
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What are the 4 main melodic points for songs' numbers 14-16 in Handel's Messiah?
Diatonic. Syllabic. Mostly conjunct. Many phrases have an anacrusis.
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What is the name of number 14a?
There were shepherd abiding in the field.
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What are the two main harmony points for 14a?
In C major. Tonic pedal with chords I and VII played over the top.
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What is the structure of number 14a?
Recitative secco.
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What is the name of number 14b?
And lo, the angel of the lord came upon them.
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What are the three main harmony points for number 14b?
In F major and passes through Bb major. Ends on a perfect cadence. 7th chord in bars 2 and 3.
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What voice writing is used in number 14b?
Word painting on "glory".
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What is the structure of number 14b?
Recitative accompagnato.
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What are the dynamics for number 14b?
p
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What is the name of number 15?
And the angel said unto them.
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What is the main harmony point for number 15?
In A major and F sharp minor.
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What is the structure of number 15?
Recitative secco.
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What is the name of number 16?
And suddenly there was with the angel.
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What are the two main harmony points for number 16?
In D major. Ends with an imperfect cadence to run into the next piece with a perfect cadence.
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What are the dynamics for number 16?
f
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Who composed "For unto us he cometh poor" and what is it?
An aria/recitative composed by Bach.
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What are the two main harmony points for "For unto us he cometh poor"?
G major, E minor, D minor, A minor, C major. Ends in G major with a perfect cadence.
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What are the three main structural points for "For unto us he cometh poor"?
Alternates between arioso and recitative. Arioso - soprano- 3-4 time. Recitative - bass - 4-4 time.
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Who composed "Ah! Dearest Jesus" and what is it?
A choral composed by Bach.
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What is the main harmony point for "Ah! Dearest Jesus"?
In D major and A major, ending in D major.
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What is the structure of "Ah! Dearest Jesus"?
Alternating between orchestra and accompanying choir.
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Who composed "Mighty Lord, O Great King" and what is it?
An aria composed by Bach.
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What are the four main harmony points for "Mighty Lord, O Great King"?
D major in the A section. B minor in the B section. Dominant pedal bars 40-43. Imperfect cadence before the B section.
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What are the two main structural points for "Mighty Lord, O Great King"?
De cappo aria. 14 bar outro without bass soloist.
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What are the two main melodic points for "Mighty Lord, O Great King"?
Syncopation in the introduction. Word painting "sustain".
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Who composed "How shall I fitly meet thee" and what is it?
A choral composed by Bach.
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Wat are the two main harmony points for "How shall I fitly meet thee"?
In A minor and C major. Ends on an imperfect cadence.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a chorus?

Back

An organised group of singers – SATB

Card 3

Front

What is recitative?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is recitative secco?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is recitative accompagnato?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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