AQA Psychology B PSYB4 Psychology As A Science

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The last of three stages of what Kuhn described to be the three historical stages in the development of science
revolution
1 of 20
A collective set of theoretical assumptions about a subject and it's methods of enquiry
paradigm
2 of 20
_______ psychologists focus on the study of mental processes
cognitive
3 of 20
The process of deriving new hypotheses from the theory is called _________
deduction
4 of 20
Argues that psychology has already gone through several paradigm shifts: from structuralism, to behaviourism, to cognitive psychology
Palermo
5 of 20
A set of propositions which provide principles of analysis or explanation of a subject matter
theory
6 of 20
Karl ______ (1963) maintained a that for a hypothesis to be truly scientific, it has to be capable of falsification
Popper
7 of 20
When a researcher is able to imagine some occurance that would contradict a hypothesis
falsification
8 of 20
Falsification is a good thing as it allows science to develop and stops researchers wasting time on a _________ theory
redundant
9 of 20
The simplest, most straightforward explanation for behaviour
parsimony
10 of 20
Freudian case study (2 words)
littlehans
11 of 20
The 3 key features of this are to: control variables, collect objective data and establish cause and effect
experiment
12 of 20
Occurs when the beliefs, wishes, attitudes and even the mere presence of the experimenter effects the experiment, or more precisely, the participants (2 words)
experimenterbias
13 of 20
When participants try to guess the aim of the study, this is known as ______ characteristics
demand
14 of 20
An experiment is __________ if findings are verifiable by other researchers imitating the experiment
replicable
15 of 20
For theories and findings from empirical research to be of value, it should be possible to generalise from a small or limited sample to a population as a whole
generalisation
16 of 20
Behaviour which is not observable and against the scientific approach
subjective
17 of 20
________ behaviours can be measured and tested
observed
18 of 20
Philosopher William James (1890) stated that an internal monologue or a stream of _____________ is always present
consciousness
19 of 20
After going through Peer Review, journals become published by ___
BPS
20 of 20

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Card 2

Front

A collective set of theoretical assumptions about a subject and it's methods of enquiry

Back

paradigm

Card 3

Front

_______ psychologists focus on the study of mental processes

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process of deriving new hypotheses from the theory is called _________

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Argues that psychology has already gone through several paradigm shifts: from structuralism, to behaviourism, to cognitive psychology

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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