AQA Geography A Unit 1 Case Studies

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2003 European Heatwave - case study
Extreme weather in the UK
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2003 European Heatwave - causes
Anticyclone - caused by an area of high pressure moving over most of Western Europe
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2003 European Heatwave - effects
Hottest day in London on record was 10th August (37 degrees), hosepipe bans introduced, 15,000 deaths in France, 2150 deaths in the UK, 2 nuclear power plants closed down in Germany
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2003 European Heatwave - responses
Network rail imposed speed restrictions on trains when the temp was above 30 degrees, media coverage of how to cope with the high temperatures, France requested aid from the EU
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2007 Gloucestershire Floods - case study
Extreme weather in the UK
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2007 Gloucestershire Floods - causes
Flooding caused by heavy rainfall in the summer, 20th July 2007 - 2 month's worth of rain fell in 14 hours
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2007 Gloucestershire Floods - effects
Tap water shortages affecting 350,000 people, 5,000 homes and businesses destroyed, flood water reached 7ft in some vulnerable areas
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2007 Gloucestershire Floods - responses
40 million water bottles distributed, £25m to repair roads
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Kyoto Protocol - case study
Global responses to climate change
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Kyoto Protocol 1997 - aims
To reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 5% below 1990 levels by 2012
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Kyoto Protocol 1997 - targets
Each country set a target, UK agreed to reduce emissions by 12.5%
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Kyoto Protocol 1997 - carbon credits trading scheme
Countries that came under their target had credits that they could sell to countries that didn't meet their target so there was a reward for low emissions
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Kyoto Protocol 1997 - success?
Partly - 175 countries signed but not all did (USA didn't - highest emissions of any country in the world), some countries met their targets (France and UK) but others made no progress (Spain)
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Park and Ride, Oxford - case study
Local responses to climate change
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Park and Ride, Oxford - what is it?
5 park and ride stops around Oxford, eg. Thornhill
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Park and Ride, Oxford - aims
Encourages use of public transport to cut down CO2 emission and congestion
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Park and Ride, Oxford - why oxford?
Old city with narrow streets (buses can't fit through), a sustainable method that's an alternative to walking or cycling
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Congestion Charge, London - case study
Local responses to climate change
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Congestion Charge, London - what is it?
£11.50 daily charge from Mon-Fri
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Congestion Charge, London - effects
Reduced traffic in London by 10% in 2003 and has cut CO2 emissions in the city
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - case study
Tropical storm in an MEDC
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - date/location
August, 2005 in the USA
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - preparation
Sophisticated monitoring system, 70-80% population of New Orleans evacuated before hurricane hit
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - effects
More than 1800 people killed, 300,000 homes destroyed, $300bn of damage, habitats destroyed by flooding
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - short term responses
50,000 people rescued during storm, 25,000 given temporary shelter at sports stadium
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Hurricane Katrina, 2005 - long term reponses
$800m spent by gov't trying to rebuild flood defences
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - case study
Tropical storm in an LEDC
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - date/location
May, 2008 in Burma
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - preparation
Burmese forecasters reported there was no or little risk
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - effects
More than 140,000 people killed, 40% food stores destroyed, $4bn of damage, salinisation, habitats destroyed
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - short term responses
Gov't initially refused to accept foreign aid-only allowed to help 3 weeks after the disaster
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Cyclone Nargis, 2008 - long term responses
Burma relies on international aid to repair the damage, 500,000 survivors living in temporary shelters
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Hurricane Katrina vs. Cyclone Nargis - differences
Hurricane Katrina - great loss of money, Cyclone Nargis - greater loss of life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Anticyclone - caused by an area of high pressure moving over most of Western Europe

Back

2003 European Heatwave - causes

Card 3

Front

Hottest day in London on record was 10th August (37 degrees), hosepipe bans introduced, 15,000 deaths in France, 2150 deaths in the UK, 2 nuclear power plants closed down in Germany

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Network rail imposed speed restrictions on trains when the temp was above 30 degrees, media coverage of how to cope with the high temperatures, France requested aid from the EU

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Extreme weather in the UK

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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