AQA Biology enzmes

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  • Created by: Nadine
  • Created on: 22-05-14 12:19
ATPase
An enzyme that catalyses the conversion of ADP into ATP and the reverse action.
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ATP synthase
An enzyme that catalyses the formation of ATP from ADP and a Pi
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Cellulase
An enzyme that catalyses the hydrolic digestion of cellulose to glucose
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Coenzyme
A non-protein, organic substance that is essential for the normal functioning of an enzyme
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Helicases
Enzymes that unwind the double helix of DNA during replication
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Amylase
An enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of starch and glycogen to the sugars maltose, dextrin, or glucose
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Adenyl Cyclase
A membrane- associated enzyme that is involved in the production of Cyclic AMP from AMP
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Acetylcholinesterase
An enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
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DNA ligase
An enzyme that catalyses the joining together of DNA fragments
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DNA Polymerase
An enzyme that catalyses the synthesis of new DNA by the addition of nucleotides to an existing chain using DNA or RNA as a template
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RNA Polymerase
An enzyme that catalyses the transcription of DNA into mRNA
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Restriction endonucleases
An enzyme that recognises specific nucleotide base sequences in DNA and cuts up teh DNA at where these recognition sequences occur
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Reverse transcriptase
An enzyme that uses RNA as template to build DNA
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Proteases
An enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of proteins
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Phosphorylase
An enzyme that helps the breakdown of glycogen to glucose by catalysing the conversion of glycogen to a phosphate of glucose
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Maltase
An enzyme that hydrolyses the breakdown of maltose to glucose
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Lysozomes
Enzymes occuring in tears that have an antibacterial action
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Lactase
An enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of lactose to glucose and galactose
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Card 2

Front

An enzyme that catalyses the formation of ATP from ADP and a Pi

Back

ATP synthase

Card 3

Front

An enzyme that catalyses the hydrolic digestion of cellulose to glucose

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A non-protein, organic substance that is essential for the normal functioning of an enzyme

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Enzymes that unwind the double helix of DNA during replication

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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