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6. The second messenger model, as applied to the action of adrenaline, is:
Adrenaline binds to cAMP, forming the adrenaline-cAMP complex, acting as a second messenger to activate the enzymes responsible for glycogenolysis
Adrenaline binds to cell-surface receptors, causing an enzyme on the inside of the cell membrane to activate and convert ATP into cAMP, which then acts as a second messenger, activating enzymes responsible for glycogenolysis
Adrenaline reacts with ATP to form cAMP and glycerol, then the cAMP acts as a second messenger, causing the activation of enzymes responsible for glycogenolysis
7. Stem cells can only be obtained from embryos. True or false?
8. Calcium ions bind to  on  molecules, freeing binding sites for  on  filaments
1: Actin, 2: Tropomyosin, 3: Myosin heads, 4: Troponin
1: Troponin, 2: Tropomyosin, 3: Myosin heads, 4: Actin
1: Tropomyosin, 2: Myosin heads, 3: Actin, 4: Troponin
9. The channels responsible for inducing a generator potential in the pacinian corpuscle are known as what?
Stretch-mediated sodium ion channels
Voltage-gated sodium ion channels
10. Normal blood glucose concentration (BGC) is:
90mg per 100cm^3 blood
10mg per 100cm^3 blood
9mg per 100cm^3 blood
100mg per 100cm^3 blood
11. Slow twitch fibres contain:
Large stores of myoglobin and glycogen, many mitochondria and a rich blood supply
Large stores of phosphocreatine, and high concentrations of enzymes used in anaerobic respiration
12. Depolaristion only occurs in cells part of the nervous system. True or false?
13. When using stem cells to repair damaged tissues, the patient's own stem cells are often used. Why is this?
Using stem cells from another individual is illegal
To prevent the rejection of the treatment due to the presence of foreign antigens
To prevent rejection of the treatment based on the nocebo effect
14. During vasoconstriction...
...the arterioles feeding the skin capillaries contract, and so do the shunt vessels.
...the arterioles feeding skin capillaries contract using C-muscles and the shunt vessels dilate
...the arterioles feeding the skin capillaries dilate by relaxing C-muscles, and the shunt vessel contracts
15. The chemo- and pressure receptors responsible for keeping the heart rate in check are found where?
In the carotid arteries
In the brain stem
In the aortic arch
16. Splicing removes  from , turning it into 
1: thymine, 2: mRNA, 3: tRNA
1: introns, 2: pre-mRNA, 3: mRNA
1: exons, 2: pre-mRNA, 3: mRNA
17. Acetylcholine causes the opening of which channel in the post-synaptic membrane?
Calcium ion channel
Sodium ion channel
Potassium ion channel
18. If a  mutates it may become a  which stimulates , leading to uncontrolled cell division, or a 
1: oncogene, 2: excitatory oncogene, 3: autolysis, 4: tumour
1: proto-oncogene, 2: oncogene, 3: cell division, 4: tumour
1: tumor suppressor gene, 2: oncogene, 3: cell division, 4: tumour
19. The chemical responsible for positive phototropism in plant shoots is ___?
20. A point mutation occurs. It may be either silent, nonsense or mis-sense. How many of the three will affect the primary structure of the resulting polypeptide?