AQA B2 2.5 Enzymes

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  • Created by: A. Manns
  • Created on: 24-03-15 16:35
proteins
large molecules made up of long chains of amino acid molecules.
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amino acids
small molecules that are the building blocks for proteins.
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enzyme
a protein that acts as a biological catalyst.
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catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being damaged, changed or used up in the reaction.
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amylase
a digestive enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of starch into sugars in the MOUTH and the SMALL INTESTINE.
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bile
a fluid made in the LIVER, stored in the GAL BLADDER and released into the SMALL INTESTINE. Aids digestion by neutralising acid and creating alkaline conditions in the SMALL INTESTINE. Bile also emulsifies fats.
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carbohydrase
an enzyme that breaks down starch into sugars in the SMALL INTESTINE.
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lipase
a digestive enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of lipids (fats) into fatty acids and glycerol in the SMALL INTESTINE.
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pancreas
an organ (and gland) in the digestive system that produces digestive juices.
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protease
a digestive enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of proteins into amin acids in the STOMACH and SMALL INTESTINE
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salivary gland
an organ (gland) in the digestive system which produces digestive juices.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

small molecules that are the building blocks for proteins.

Back

amino acids

Card 3

Front

a protein that acts as a biological catalyst.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being damaged, changed or used up in the reaction.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a digestive enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of starch into sugars in the MOUTH and the SMALL INTESTINE.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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