AQA AS English Language B Spoken Language Keywords

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Phonology
The study of sound
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Graphology
The study of written and printed symbols of writing, like for example the way in which the headline to a news article has been written
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Phonemes
Use of sound in language
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Duality of Patterning
Humans have the ability to make speech sounds and join them together to form words
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Phonetics
The study of sound systems in language
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Accent
The way in which words are pronounced. Can vary according to speakers region or social class, this is purely phonological and can be found in certain geographical areas.
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Sociolect
A set of language featrued identifiable within a particular social group/class (not geographical)
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Occupational Dialect
A set of language features associated with a job or a profession.
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Code Switching
Adapting your speaking style to match the social situation.
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Accommodation Theory
Suggests that people shift their language to meet the needs of others who they are speaking to (making it easier for the other person)
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Convergence
Moving your own speech style close to the speech style of the person you are conversing with (can be upwards/downwards/mutual)
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Divergence
Moving your own speech style further away from that of the person you are conversing with (can be upwards/downwards/mutual)
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Received Pronunciation
The 'poshest' way of speaking ie. 'BBC English' or 'Queen's English'
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Standard English
What the authorities have come to agree as the most prestigious form of the English language.
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Utterance
The verbal equivalent of a sentence.
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Adjacency Pairs
Parallel expressions; eg: question and answer/greetings. When a speaker's response logically follows that of the previous utterance.
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Agenda Setting
The negotiation or control of the subject discussed in conversation.
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Back Channel
Words, phrases and signals used by a listener to give feedback to a speaker is being understood.
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Closed Question
A question that involves a yes or no response.
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Collaborative Completion
Listener contributions that finishes another person's utterance.
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Card 2

Front

The study of written and printed symbols of writing, like for example the way in which the headline to a news article has been written

Back

Graphology

Card 3

Front

Use of sound in language

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Humans have the ability to make speech sounds and join them together to form words

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The study of sound systems in language

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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