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6. What do children learn at around 2-3?

  • Gender identification
  • a schema on gender roles
  • Pre-programmed gender schema
  • Gender Constancy

7. Who found that under the age of 4 children show no signs of gender constancy, but have strong gender stereotypes?

  • Wilks and James (2003)
  • Martin & Little (1990)
  • Lyotard et al (1998)

8. What problem does this theory address that Kohlbergs theory misses?

  • That sex-typed behaviour is there before the understanding of gender constancy
  • That sex-types behaviour does not occur until at least 7
  • That children do not go through every stage

9. Which study concluded that girls gender stereotyped through dolls by age 2-3?

  • Paulin-Dubois et al (2002)
  • Mullen (2001)
  • Campbell (2001)
  • Green (2004)

10. What did Campbell (2000) discover about preferences to gender?

  • Girls aged 7 months had no preference on which gender they watched
  • Boys at ages 9 months preferred to look at boy orientated activities and toys
  • Boys and girls ages 10 months looked at the opposite gender and their activities