AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Schema Theory

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 01-04-14 17:45

1. What is the difference between Kohlberg's theory and Martin and Halverson's theory?

  • Gender differences in the process
  • The ages in which the processes take place
  • The amount of stages in the process
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2. Who found that under the age of 4 children show no signs of gender constancy, but have strong gender stereotypes?

  • Martin & Little (1990)
  • Lyotard et al (1998)
  • Wilks and James (2003)

3. Why would contradiciting schema i.e. female mechanic, not be noticed by young children

  • Children only use gender schemas to deal with certain situations
  • Gender schema's are rigid and will only pay attention to things that are consistent
  • Gender schemas are only based on observation of peers don't understand that level of information yet

4. What would children look at the create this gender schema

  • role models and their enviroment
  • Role models only
  • Peers and their behaviours

5. What problem does this theory address that Kohlbergs theory misses?

  • That sex-typed behaviour is there before the understanding of gender constancy
  • That sex-types behaviour does not occur until at least 7
  • That children do not go through every stage

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