AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. What is Gender Dysphoria?

  • When the child wants to change their gender
  • When the emotional and biological sex of a child does not match
  • When a child does not understand their gender role
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2. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?

  • gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
  • Cross gender behaviour begins to occur
  • Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender

3. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?

  • BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
  • Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC

4. How does the biological approach explain gender dysphoria?

  • Role of chemical imbalances during puberty
  • Brain sex Theory - Size and structure of the brain determines gender
  • Role of hormones and Genes during puberty

5. What did Lothstein find about female-male transsexuals?

  • Fathers were not around, so mothers took on both roles
  • Mothers tended to be cohesive - Girls couldn't identify specific gender charactertistics
  • Mothers tended not to have a strong gender role
  • Brought up by fathers - no female role model


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