AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. What did Lothstein find about female-male transsexuals?

  • Fathers were not around, so mothers took on both roles
  • Mothers tended to be cohesive - Girls couldn't identify specific gender charactertistics
  • Mothers tended not to have a strong gender role
  • Brought up by fathers - no female role model
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2. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?

  • Early teens as they are now more independant
  • Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
  • Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized

3. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?

  • Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender
  • gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
  • Cross gender behaviour begins to occur

4. How do the Evolutionary and Behaviourist approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender through experience
  • Gender through imprinting and and conditioning
  • Gender through observation of role model

5. How does the biological approach explain gender dysphoria?

  • Role of chemical imbalances during puberty
  • Brain sex Theory - Size and structure of the brain determines gender
  • Role of hormones and Genes during puberty

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