AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. How does the cognitive approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender identity is a result of abstract thinking
  • Gender identity is a result of maturation
  • Lack of gender identity is a result of maladaptive thinking
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2. How does the psychodynamic approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Difficulties establishing gender in toddlerhood
  • Not understanding their gender role in toddlerhood
  • conflicts in the Phallic stage and not understanding gender

3. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?

  • BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
  • Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC

4. How does the biological approach explain gender dysphoria?

  • Brain sex Theory - Size and structure of the brain determines gender
  • Role of hormones and Genes during puberty
  • Role of chemical imbalances during puberty

5. What can happen if the Electra/Oedipus complexes are not complete?

  • Misidentification with the wrong role model - Boys looking up to mother
  • Can cause a misunderstanding of gender roles
  • Conflict in gender behaviour


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