1. What is Gender Dysphoria?
- When the child wants to change their gender
- When the emotional and biological sex of a child does not match
- When a child does not understand their gender role
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2. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?
- gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
- Cross gender behaviour begins to occur
- Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender
3. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?
- BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
- Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC
4. How does the biological approach explain gender dysphoria?
- Role of chemical imbalances during puberty
- Brain sex Theory - Size and structure of the brain determines gender
- Role of hormones and Genes during puberty
5. What did Lothstein find about female-male transsexuals?
- Fathers were not around, so mothers took on both roles
- Mothers tended to be cohesive - Girls couldn't identify specific gender charactertistics
- Mothers tended not to have a strong gender role
- Brought up by fathers - no female role model