1. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?
- Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
- Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized
- Early teens as they are now more independant
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2. What can happen if the Electra/Oedipus complexes are not complete?
- Misidentification with the wrong role model - Boys looking up to mother
- Can cause a misunderstanding of gender roles
- Conflict in gender behaviour
3. What did Lothstein find about female-male transsexuals?
- Brought up by fathers - no female role model
- Mothers tended to be cohesive - Girls couldn't identify specific gender charactertistics
- Fathers were not around, so mothers took on both roles
- Mothers tended not to have a strong gender role
4. How do the Evolutionary and Behaviourist approach explain Gender Dysphoria?
- Gender through experience
- Gender through imprinting and and conditioning
- Gender through observation of role model
5. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?
- gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
- Cross gender behaviour begins to occur
- Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender