AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?

  • BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
  • Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC
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2. How does the psychodynamic approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • conflicts in the Phallic stage and not understanding gender
  • Difficulties establishing gender in toddlerhood
  • Not understanding their gender role in toddlerhood

3. How does the biological approach explain gender dysphoria?

  • Brain sex Theory - Size and structure of the brain determines gender
  • Role of hormones and Genes during puberty
  • Role of chemical imbalances during puberty

4. How do the Evolutionary and Behaviourist approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender through experience
  • Gender through imprinting and and conditioning
  • Gender through observation of role model

5. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?

  • Early teens as they are now more independant
  • Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
  • Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized


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