AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?

  • Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
  • Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized
  • Early teens as they are now more independant
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2. What can happen if the Electra/Oedipus complexes are not complete?

  • Misidentification with the wrong role model - Boys looking up to mother
  • Can cause a misunderstanding of gender roles
  • Conflict in gender behaviour

3. What did Lothstein find about female-male transsexuals?

  • Brought up by fathers - no female role model
  • Mothers tended to be cohesive - Girls couldn't identify specific gender charactertistics
  • Fathers were not around, so mothers took on both roles
  • Mothers tended not to have a strong gender role

4. How do the Evolutionary and Behaviourist approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender through experience
  • Gender through imprinting and and conditioning
  • Gender through observation of role model

5. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?

  • gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
  • Cross gender behaviour begins to occur
  • Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender


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