AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. How does the cognitive approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender identity is a result of abstract thinking
  • Gender identity is a result of maturation
  • Lack of gender identity is a result of maladaptive thinking
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2. What happens when there is a failure to imprint in the critical period?

  • gender problems - hard to understand the definition of gender
  • Cross gender behaviour begins to occur
  • Cannot use social learning theory, as the child does not understand the correct gender

3. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?

  • BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
  • Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC

4. How does the psychodynamic approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • conflicts in the Phallic stage and not understanding gender
  • Difficulties establishing gender in toddlerhood
  • Not understanding their gender role in toddlerhood

5. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?

  • Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
  • Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized
  • Early teens as they are now more independant


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