AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:55

1. What is Gender Dysphoria?

  • When the emotional and biological sex of a child does not match
  • When a child does not understand their gender role
  • When the child wants to change their gender
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2. At what point does Gender Dysphoria occur and why is this?

  • Adolescence as they are able to think more abstractly about their gender
  • Todderhood as they are not yet fully genderized
  • Early teens as they are now more independant

3. How does the psychodynamic approach explain Gender Dysphoria?

  • Difficulties establishing gender in toddlerhood
  • Not understanding their gender role in toddlerhood
  • conflicts in the Phallic stage and not understanding gender

4. What does Zhou et al look at through the Brain Sex Theory?

  • BSTC in hypothalamus. Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones, the BSTC becomes the same size as a heterosexual female
  • Male to female transgender, when taking feminising hormones have an increase in the BSTC

5. What can happen if the Electra/Oedipus complexes are not complete?

  • Misidentification with the wrong role model - Boys looking up to mother
  • Can cause a misunderstanding of gender roles
  • Conflict in gender behaviour


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