AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Gender Constancy Theory

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 01-04-14 17:12

1. How does Kohlbergs theory differ that of Martin and Halverston's?

  • Not as many stages that the child goes through
  • Gender schema age is 2
  • Gender Schema age is 4
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2. In stage two of the Gender Constancy theory, what does the child think of gender?

  • That it can change, due to the activities they partake in i.e. female or male roles
  • That gender is constant
  • That gender changes due to how they are socialised

3. How does Slaby and Frey support this theory?

  • Children pay attention to their own same sex role model after constancy reached
  • Children pay attention to the opposite sex to see what not to do in the gender stability stage
  • Children pay attention to their own same sex role models during the transfer from gender identity to gender stability

4. What does this theory look at the most, and what does it ignore?

  • Looks at the cultural factors, but ignores the social
  • Looks at the cognitive factors, but ignores the cultural
  • Looks at the biological factors, but ignores the social

5. What are the three stages to the Gender Constancy Theory?

  • Gender Identity, Gender Stability and Gender Constancy
  • Gender Identification, Gender Stabilisation and Gender Continuity
  • Genetic Impulse, Gender Constancy and Gender Processing (Mental and Physical)


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