1. What 4 essential prerequisites does society need to survive according to Parsons?
- Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Leaders
- Achievement, Goal Attainment, Interdependence, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
- Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
- Adaptation, Grand Hierarchy , Interconnectivity, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
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2. Which of these is NOT a major criticism of Parson's theory (all others are)?
- Postmodernists could argue modern society is far too complex to be seen as harmonious.
- Teleological - explains all institutions via their effect, not the cause.
- Very conservative - ignores power of some to impose their goals and assumes consensus.
- Deterministic - he makes man (people) seem like cogs in a machine.
- He provided no source of official statistics to prove his theory.
- He doesn't offer any framework for improving existing social systems.
3. What is functional interdependence?
- A term to describe how society depends upon individuals to exist.
- A term to describe how all social institutions rely on each other to work.
- A term to describe the correlation between educational achievement and social class.
- A term to describe how individuals function within society itself.
4. What is a functional prerequisite?
- A method of interdependence.
- A requirement [for people] to live.
- A basic need [for society] to survive.
- A type of social institution.
5. Basic Recap: What is the first name of Parsons?