AQA Sociology A2 - Parsonian Functionalism - Part 1, AGIL

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1. How does Parsons explain deviance?

  • As a result of inadequate socialisation.
  • As a result of excessive strain.
  • As a result of a lack of functional prerequisites.
  • As a result of traditional societies.
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What is a functional prerequisite?

  • A method of interdependence.
  • A basic need [for society] to survive.
  • A type of social institution.
  • A requirement [for people] to live.

3. What 4 essential prerequisites does society need to survive according to Parsons?

  • Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
  • Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Leaders
  • Achievement, Goal Attainment, Interdependence, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
  • Adaptation, Grand Hierarchy , Interconnectivity, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)

4. Which 2 functional prerequisites are "Expressive Needs" (some made up needs are here so that the answer to another question isn't revealed) ?

  • Integration & Latency
  • Interconnectivity & Achievement
  • Grand Hierarchy & Leaders
  • Adaptation & Goal Attainment

5. Which of these is NOT a major criticism of Parson's theory (all others are)?

  • He doesn't offer any framework for improving existing social systems.
  • Postmodernists could argue modern society is far too complex to be seen as harmonious.
  • Very conservative - ignores power of some to impose their goals and assumes consensus.
  • He provided no source of official statistics to prove his theory.
  • Teleological - explains all institutions via their effect, not the cause.
  • Deterministic - he makes man (people) seem like cogs in a machine.


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