AQA Sociology A2 - Parsonian Functionalism - Part 1, AGIL

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1. What is functional interdependence?

  • A term to describe how society depends upon individuals to exist.
  • A term to describe how individuals function within society itself.
  • A term to describe how all social institutions rely on each other to work.
  • A term to describe the correlation between educational achievement and social class.
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2. What is a functional prerequisite?

  • A basic need [for society] to survive.
  • A requirement [for people] to live.
  • A type of social institution.
  • A method of interdependence.

3. How does Parsons explain deviance?

  • As a result of a lack of functional prerequisites.
  • As a result of traditional societies.
  • As a result of inadequate socialisation.
  • As a result of excessive strain.

4. What famous analogy does Parsons use to compare society with the human body?

  • Institutional Analogy
  • Functional Analogy
  • Organic Analogy
  • Warm Bath Analogy

5. What 4 essential prerequisites does society need to survive according to Parsons?

  • Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
  • Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration, Leaders
  • Achievement, Goal Attainment, Interdependence, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)
  • Adaptation, Grand Hierarchy , Interconnectivity, Latency (Pattern Maintenance)


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