1. What is Retreatism?
- Where individuals carry on using legitimate means, but no longer have any goals to aspire towards.
- Where individuals drop out of society's expectations by abandoning cultural goals and legitimate means.
- Where individuals replace goals and means with their own ideals to try and reform society.
- Where individuals attempt to achieve a goal in society, but face too many barriers and retreat back to Ritualism.
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2. What is the main issue with Merton's approach to Strain Adaptations?
- Individuals might be able to slot into more than 1 adaptation
- The difference between Rebellion/Retreatism is practically non-existent.
- There are some people who don't fit into any adaptation.
- He failed to account for those of ethnic backgrounds.
3. Which of these groups of people would be classed as "Rebellions"?
- The Under Class
- Drug Addicts
- Dead-End Office Workers
4. Which of these is NOT a criticism of Merton's work (all others are)?
- It doesn't offer explanation for delinquent subcultures.
- He provided no statistical evidence towards his theory.
- He assumes value consensus on society's goals.
- He used statistics at face value ("the tip of the iceberg").
- It can't explain why genocide, violence, vandalism etc. occur.
- He ignores the power of the ruling class to enforce laws that criminalise the poor, but not the rich.
5. What are the 2 main factors that contribute towards strain?
- Cultural factors & structural factors
- Structural factors & conformist factors
- Cultural factors & social factors
- Structural factors & socialisation factors