AQA Sociology A2 - Merton Strain Theory

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1. Which of these is NOT a criticism of Merton's work (all others are)?

  • It doesn't offer explanation for delinquent subcultures.
  • He ignores the power of the ruling class to enforce laws that criminalise the poor, but not the rich.
  • He provided no statistical evidence towards his theory.
  • He used statistics at face value ("the tip of the iceberg").
  • It can't explain why genocide, violence, vandalism etc. occur.
  • He assumes value consensus on society's goals.
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2. What is "Strain" a result of (according to Merton)?

  • Conflict between cultural goals & means to achieve them.
  • Conflict between primary socialisation & social institutions.
  • Conflict between the ruling class & the working class.
  • Conflict between legitimate means & illegitimate means.

3. Which of these groups of people would be classed as "Rebellions"?

  • Dead-End Office Workers
  • Hippies
  • Drug Addicts
  • The Under Class

4. Which of these is NOT a strain adaptation (all the others are) according to Merton?

  • Reinvention
  • Retreatism
  • Conformity
  • Innovation
  • Ritualism
  • Rebellion

5. What is the first name of the Sociologist who developed/created Strain Theory?

  • George
  • Robert
  • Ann
  • Charles


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