Other questions in this quiz

2. What are the 2 main factors that contribute towards strain?

  • Structural factors & socialisation factors
  • Cultural factors & structural factors
  • Cultural factors & social factors
  • Structural factors & conformist factors

3. What is Retreatism?

  • Where individuals drop out of society's expectations by abandoning cultural goals and legitimate means.
  • Where individuals attempt to achieve a goal in society, but face too many barriers and retreat back to Ritualism.
  • Where individuals replace goals and means with their own ideals to try and reform society.
  • Where individuals carry on using legitimate means, but no longer have any goals to aspire towards.

4. Which of these is NOT a criticism of Merton's work (all others are)?

  • It doesn't offer explanation for delinquent subcultures.
  • He used statistics at face value ("the tip of the iceberg").
  • He assumes value consensus on society's goals.
  • He provided no statistical evidence towards his theory.
  • He ignores the power of the ruling class to enforce laws that criminalise the poor, but not the rich.
  • It can't explain why genocide, violence, vandalism etc. occur.

5. What is "Strain" a result of (according to Merton)?

  • Conflict between legitimate means & illegitimate means.
  • Conflict between primary socialisation & social institutions.
  • Conflict between cultural goals & means to achieve them.
  • Conflict between the ruling class & the working class.


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