1. Who used the example of Prostitution as a safety valve?
- (Ned) Polsky
- (Kingsley) Davis
- (Emile) Durkheim
- (Albert) Cohen
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2. Which of these is not listed as a function of crime by Functionalists (all others are)?
- Crime promotes social cohesion.
- Crime can lead to adaptation and change.
- Crime can act as a safety valve.
- Crime can be a way for the youth to progress to adulthood.
- Crime can still provide members of society with careers.
- Crime informs us of social boundaries.
- Crime can act as a warning device.
3. Quick Recap: How do Sociologists typically define deviance?
- The recognised violation of cultural norms.
- The recognised disruption of social solidarity.
- The recognised abolishing of societal values.
- The recognised disapproval of institutions of power.
4. Which of these is NOT a criticism of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?
- Safety Valves - e.g. Prostitution - can actually break down a family.
- Could create social cohesion "wrongly" - e.g. Nazi Germany vs the Jews
- The perspective is teleological (doesn't explain causes).
- Durkheim is too pessimistic with his perspective on society.
- It can cause isolation, not solidarity.
- Crime isn't functional for the individual(s) that was/were targeted.
- There are different views of what is 'criminal' depending on countries and individuals.
5. Which of these statements would a Functionalist agree with?
- Crime is not a problem Functionalists should concern themselves with.
- Crime is always bad and leads to social collapse unless removed.
- Crime is a normal, inevitable, and universal part of society.
- Crime is a normal part of traditional societies, but not modern societies.