AQA Sociology A2 - Durkheim's et al. Functions Of Crime

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1. IMPORTANT: What is Anomie?

  • Annihilation of class and gender divides.
  • Another way of saying "value consensus".
  • Disruption/A state of normlessness.
  • Weakening of a collective conscience.
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2. Which of these is NOT a criticism of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?

  • Could create social cohesion "wrongly" - e.g. Nazi Germany vs the Jews
  • Durkheim is too pessimistic with his perspective on society.
  • The perspective is teleological (doesn't explain causes).
  • Crime isn't functional for the individual(s) that was/were targeted.
  • Safety Valves - e.g. Prostitution - can actually break down a family.
  • It can cause isolation, not solidarity.
  • There are different views of what is 'criminal' depending on countries and individuals.

3. Which of these is NOT a strength of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?

  • The benefits can be compared to real world examples e.g. James Bulger
  • It manages to explain the causes of crime better than Strain Theory.
  • The perspective is useful at showing the hidden/latent functions of crime.

4. Which of these is NOT typically used as an example of crime with a latent/hidden benefit (all others are)?

  • White Collar Crime
  • Martin Luther King assassination.
  • Shannon Matthews murder.
  • Excessive drinking at carnivals/festivals.

5. Quick Recap: How do Sociologists typically define deviance?

  • The recognised violation of cultural norms.
  • The recognised disruption of social solidarity.
  • The recognised abolishing of societal values.
  • The recognised disapproval of institutions of power.




very useful thank you 

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