AQA Sociology A2 - Durkheim's et al. Functions Of Crime

1. Which of these is NOT a criticism of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?

  • Could create social cohesion "wrongly" - e.g. Nazi Germany vs the Jews
  • The perspective is teleological (doesn't explain causes).
  • There are different views of what is 'criminal' depending on countries and individuals.
  • Durkheim is too pessimistic with his perspective on society.
  • It can cause isolation, not solidarity.
  • Safety Valves - e.g. Prostitution - can actually break down a family.
  • Crime isn't functional for the individual(s) that was/were targeted.
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2. What can too much crime do?

  • Nothing much
  • Prove Functionalists wrong
  • Destabilise society
  • Destroy value consensus

3. Who used the example of Prostitution as a safety valve?

  • (Ned) Polsky
  • (Kingsley) Davis
  • (Emile) Durkheim
  • (Albert) Cohen

4. Which of these is not listed as a function of crime by Functionalists (all others are)?

  • Crime can act as a warning device.
  • Crime can be a way for the youth to progress to adulthood.
  • Crime promotes social cohesion.
  • Crime can still provide members of society with careers.
  • Crime can act as a safety valve.
  • Crime can lead to adaptation and change.
  • Crime informs us of social boundaries.

5. Who stated that society could potentially be organised to sustain, not remove, crime?

  • (Kai) Erikson
  • (Ned) Polsky
  • (Kingsley) Davis
  • (Albert) Cohen




very useful thank you 

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