AQA Sociology A2 - Durkheim's et al. Functions Of Crime

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1. Quick Recap: How do Sociologists typically define Crime?

  • The attacking of social institutions - including the legal system.
  • The violation of norms of society that have been enacted into law.
  • The disapproval towards the criminal justice system.
  • A bad thing
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2. Which of these is NOT a criticism of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?

  • Safety Valves - e.g. Prostitution - can actually break down a family.
  • Could create social cohesion "wrongly" - e.g. Nazi Germany vs the Jews
  • Durkheim is too pessimistic with his perspective on society.
  • Crime isn't functional for the individual(s) that was/were targeted.
  • It can cause isolation, not solidarity.
  • The perspective is teleological (doesn't explain causes).
  • There are different views of what is 'criminal' depending on countries and individuals.

3. What can too much crime do?

  • Destroy value consensus
  • Nothing much
  • Destabilise society
  • Prove Functionalists wrong

4. Which of these is NOT a strength of the Functionalist perspective (all others are)?

  • It manages to explain the causes of crime better than Strain Theory.
  • The perspective is useful at showing the hidden/latent functions of crime.
  • The benefits can be compared to real world examples e.g. James Bulger

5. Which of these is NOT typically used as an example of crime with a latent/hidden benefit (all others are)?

  • Shannon Matthews murder.
  • Excessive drinking at carnivals/festivals.
  • White Collar Crime
  • Martin Luther King assassination.



very useful thank you 

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