AQA Psychology - Approaches to Psychology

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1. What is the definition of a gland?

  • The way an animal responds when stressed. The body becomes physiologically aroused in readiness to fight or flee
  • A hormone produced by the adrenal glands which is part of the body's immediate stress response system. It has a strong effect on the cells of the cardiovascular system
  • An organ in the body that synthesises substances such as hormones
  • One of the body's major information systems that instructs glands to release large quantities of hormones directly into the blood stream which disappear quickly and have powerful effects
  • Chemical substances that circulate in the bloodstream and only affect target organs
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2. In the computer model what are the three stages in the sequence (in the correct order)?

  • UCS, NS, UCR, CR
  • Input, Processing, Output
  • Output, Processing, Input

3. What is the definition of classical conditioning?

  • Learning through association
  • Learning through reinforcement

4. What was the aim of Bandura's research?

  • To look at how a stimulus is conditioned to create a desired response
  • To look at the effects of punishment and positive reinforcement in animals
  • To look at how aggressive behaviour influences children's own behaviour
  • To look at how passive behaviour influences children's own behaviour

5. What is the role of a sensory neuron?

  • These tell the rest of the brain about the external and internal environment by processing information taken from one of the five senses. They carry messages from the PNS to the CNS
  • These carry messages from one part of the CNS to another. They connect motor and sensory neurons
  • These carry signals from the CNS which helps both organs, including glands and muscles, function



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