AQA GCSE 9-1 RELIGIOUS STUDIES A CHRISTIANITY: BELIEFS AND TEACHINGS

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All-Loving
God's love is without prejudice and without limit; the sacrifice made through Jesus evidences this love.
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Just
Fair; God is always fair in his treatment , he will be fair at the judgement.
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Omnipotence
All-powerful; God created the world, revealing his power. Nothing can ultimately defeat God's power.
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Absolute
unchanging, eternal
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Benevolent
All-loving; unconditional love
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Omniscient
All-knowing; knowledge without limits
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What are the qualities of God?
The key qualities of God are omnipotence, all-loving and just
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Other characteristics of God
He is all-knowing (omniscient)- God is the supreme being so must be omniscient. St Anselm said that if God exists, he must be the "greatest conceivable", which means the most exists, he must be the "greatest conceivable being"
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Other characteristics of God
is the creator because he is all-powerful and all-knowing
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Other characteristics of God
God is eternal- he created the world, so must of existed before it did, and is outside space and time
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Other characteristics of God
God is immanent- involved in the world. Jesus is an example of this, as are miracles which are a sign of God at work within the world
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The Trinity
Christians believe there is only one God; christians fundamentally differ from other religions in believing that God is revealed in three distinct ways
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God the Father
loving creator and sustainer of the universe
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God the Son
saviour who became incarnate (human), lived,was crucified and then resurrected namely Jesus Christ
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God the Holy Spirit
source of strength which christians find at work in their hearts
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Why is the Trinity important?
It is God, and the religion is based on that concept. Symbols, such as the shamrock and triskelion, demonstrate the concept in an easy way.
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Why is the Trinity important?
It helps Christians gain some understanding of God, who really is beyond the understanding of humans, and it makes best sense of what is written in the Bible
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What is the problem of evil and suffering ?
Christians believe that God is omnipotent, omniscient, benevolent and absolute. They believe this as a fact- God does exist. Christians, from their experience and knowledge , realise that there is suffering in the world.
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What is the problem of evil and suffering ?
Some of the suffering is caused by humans (deliberately and accidentally), which is moral evil. Some is caused by nature- suffering is a fact of the world humans live in- which is natural evil
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What is the problem of evil and suffering ?
The problem is why, if God exists, he allows humans to suffer. He must know about it, has the power to prevent it and loves humans unconditionally
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Some solutions to the problem of evil and suffering
No attempt at a solution solves the problem fully. Most christians say that humans must just accept the suffering, as humans cannot possibly understand God and His purposes.
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Some solutions to the problem of evil and suffering
God is just, so the fairness of all will be made clear at the end of days. Most important is that humans respond positively to suffering, for example by helping others, as Jesus told in the Parable of the Sheep and Goats (Matthew 25:31-46)
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Moral Evil
the devil tempts people; humans have free will, which they abuse and so hurt others
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Natural Evil
suffering is allowed as a punishment for wrong-doing; it is a test of faith
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Creation beliefs
God pre-existed the world, hence being able to create it
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Creation beliefs
God is outside space and time. As such he created the world and is not controlled by it
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Creation beliefs
Genesis describes the creation: 1:1: "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the Earth"
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Creation beliefs
all parts of the Trinity were involved in the creation, so must have pre-existed it
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Genesis and its importance
The key points are that Christians believe the message within Genesis 1 is true. The world was planned, ordered and sustained by God.
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Genesis and its importance
Human lives have purpose and meaning because God created those lives and humans are made in the image of God so all humans are of value
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Genesis and its importance
Humans have a responsibility to treat each other equally. Humans were made stewards of the world to look after it
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Different interpretations of Genesis
Genesis is literally true- every word is the word of God
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Different interpretations of Genesis
Genesis does contain truth but it was not dictated
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Different interpretations of Genesis
Genesis was written by a person whose sense of God in the world inspired them to write
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Afterlife
Death separates life on earth (temporary) from life with God (eternal)- it is not something to be feared
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Afterlife for Christians
Belief in the resurrection is important to christians. Resurrection means that the dead will be raised to life because of the teachings of Jesus and that he himself overcame death
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What Christians mean by resurrection
Christians believe God will resurrect them before Judgement Day. Jesus told people that the new mode of existence would be different from the earthly one
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Judgement
Jesus taught that God's love and mercy are unconditional. At the end of time on the day of judgement all souls will be judged by Jesus
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Heaven and hell
christians use earthly images to explain their understanding of heaven. It is a state of being rather than a physical place; it is being with God outside space and time
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Heaven and hell
bible paints a picture of hell via the metaphor of an unquenchable fire. Hell is now seen as eternal separation from God
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Jesus' incarnation
central to the christian belief is the idea that God took on human form as Jesus.
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Jesus' incarnation
John 1:14 says "the word became flesh and lived amongst us"
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Jesus' incarnation
Christians believe Jesus was fully God and fully human- truly the son of God. If christians acknowledge Jesus as the Son of God, God lives in them
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impact of his resurrection
The disciples turned from men in hiding to going out spreading Jesus' message.
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How does his resurrection influence christians today?
It is the central element of christian belief- if Jesus simply died then he is no different to others who may have died for their beliefs or as punishment for going against the authorities.
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How does his resurrection influence christians today?
Christians believe resurrection is the proof Jesus is the son of God- showing how God triumphed over evil and death
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How does his resurrection influence christians today?
This victory over death opens up heaven for Christians. Jesus' sacrifice overcame sin, reconciled humanity with God and offered eternal life
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Sin
The story of "original sin" is in Genesis- Adam and Eve are tempted by the devil to eat from the tree of good and evil. Adam and Eve were evicted from the Garden of Eden as punishment
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Sin
Sin separates man from God, bringing eternal punishment. As humans are full of sin, so only God can rectify this problem. Christians believe God offered salvation through the sacrifice of christ
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Salvation
salvation means being accepted by God and having the assurance of eternal life
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Salvation through law
In Jesus' time, the jews thought that "obeying the law" was the way to salvation
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Salvation through law
Some christian believe in salvation through works- the idea that a right relationship with God has to be earned
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Salvation through law
Some christians think salvation can be earned through obedience to God's laws
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Salvation through grace
Grace means the unconditional love that God has for us. God loves humanity regardless. God's love is there despite everything humans do- there is no need to earn salvation
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Salvation through grace
God shows his love in the gift of salvation to all who believe in Jesus as the Son of God
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Salvation through grace
Salvation through grace and spirit is made possible through Jesus' atoning death. Jesus' actions made possible the forgiveness for the sins of the world, leading to reconciliation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Fair; God is always fair in his treatment , he will be fair at the judgement.

Back

Just

Card 3

Front

All-powerful; God created the world, revealing his power. Nothing can ultimately defeat God's power.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

unchanging, eternal

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

All-loving; unconditional love

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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