Approaches to Psychology

HideShow resource information
The origins of Psychology - Who is Wilhelm Wundt?
Wundt opened the first lab dedicated to psychology. He is known as the "father" of psychology
1 of 16
The origins of Psychology - What is Introspection?
"Looking into" - the examination or observation of an individual's mental and emotion processes. The process by which a person gains knowledge about their own mental and emotional states as a result of examination / their conscious thoughts + feeling
2 of 16
Behaviourist Approach - What is classical conditioning?
learning through association
3 of 16
Behavourist Approach - What is operant conditioning
Learning is seen as an active process where humans operate on heir environment.
4 of 16
Behaviourist Approach - What is positive reinforcement?
When behavior produces a consequence that is satisfying or pleasant
5 of 16
Behaviourist Approach - What is negative reinforcement?
Removing something that is considered unpleasant
6 of 16
Behaviourist Approach- What is the Social Learning Theory
Observing and imitating a role model
7 of 16
Behaviourist Approach - Social Learning Theory - What is Identification?
adapting behaviour to imitate a role model because they are of a similar age/ gender etc.
8 of 16
Behaviourist Approach - Social Learning Theory - What is vicarious reinforcement?
Reinforcement that occurs through observing someone else being rewarded for a certain behaviour
9 of 16
Cognitive Approach - What is a schema?
A schema is a cognitive framework (package of information) that generates expectations of a certain stiuation from previous experiences.
10 of 16
Cognitive Approach - What is the computer model?
A metaphor used to describe how the brain works by comparing it to a computer. Says both have input, storage, and output.
11 of 16
Biological Approach - What is a gene?
part of a chromosome of an organism that carries DNA information
12 of 16
Biological Approach - What studies are carried to investigate whether behaviours are inherited?
Twin studies. If MZ twins (identical) are found to have a higher concordance rate than DZ twins it would suggest it has a genetic basis.
13 of 16
biological Approach - What is a genotype?
Genetic make-up of an individual.
14 of 16
Biological Approach - What is a phenotype?
an individual's genetic potential which is influenced by their environment as to whether they achieve the potential
15 of 16
Biological Approach? - What is Natural Selection?
the process which allows those which inherited characteristics that enhance their reproductive success to be passed on to future generations to become more populated
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The origins of Psychology - What is Introspection?

Back

"Looking into" - the examination or observation of an individual's mental and emotion processes. The process by which a person gains knowledge about their own mental and emotional states as a result of examination / their conscious thoughts + feeling

Card 3

Front

Behaviourist Approach - What is classical conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Behavourist Approach - What is operant conditioning

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Behaviourist Approach - What is positive reinforcement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »