Approaches quiz

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1. The idea that human beings influence their environment as well as being influenced by it best describes:

  • Reciprocal determinism
  • Hard determinism
  • Soft determinism
  • Environmental determinism
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2. Complete this sentence. Operant conditioning is best described as...

  • A form of learning in which a new behaviour is produced that avoids an unpleasant consequence
  • A form of learning in which behaviour is shaped and maintained by its consequences
  • A form of learning in which an observer imitates the behaviour of a role model
  • A form of learning in which a stimulus is associated with a response

3. Which statement about cognitive neuroscience is false?

  • It was first identified in the 1970s as an emergent discipline
  • It makes use of advances in brain imaging technology such as fMRI
  • It investigates how biological structures influence mental processes
  • It brings together the fields of cognitive psychology, anatomy and neurophysiology

4. The master endocrine gland is the:

  • Pituitary gland
  • Adrenal gland
  • Thyroid gland
  • Hypothalamus

5. Which describes the somatic nervous system?

  • Passes messages to and from the brain and connects nerves to the PNS
  • Maintains homeostasis by regulating body temperature, heartbeat, etc.
  • Controls muscle movement
  • Made up of the brain and the spinal cord


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