Approaches: Psychodynamic

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Conscious
The mind consists of thoughts we're aware of. Includes preconceptions and everyday thoughts.
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Preconscious
Includes memories and stored knowledge, can be accessed.
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Unconscious
Information hard or impossible to achieve, biggest part of our mind. Includes fears, instincts, material that could be distressing/painful/embarrassing/traumatic experiences.
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Role of Unconscious
To direct and motivate behaviour without the conscious awareness. Protects us from bad material that could hurt your psyche if recalled into conscious awareness.
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ID
Unconscious mind (motivated by pleasure) desire to seek immediate satisfaction. Present from birth. e.g. a baby wanting milk
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EGO
Rational mind (motivated by reality principle) knowing you can't have everything you want but works to balance the demands of the ID and anxieties of Supergo. Present at 1-3 yrs. Knowing you can't have a snack as you have dinner later.
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SUPEREGO
Conscious mind, (motivate by morale sense and values instilled at childhood). Stores and enforces rules, strive for perfection. Present at 4-6 yrs e.g. Knowing you can't steal an iPhone 6S+
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Displacement
Taking out your impulses on less threatening things.
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Repression
Ego not allowing impulses from the ID into the conscious mind. For protection against threatening or traumatic experiences. Happens unconsciously.
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Denial
Stating an anxiety/problem does not exist e.g. addicts
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Regression
Returning to a previous stage of development
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Oral
ID. Age (0-1). Focal pleasure is mouth e.g. mother's breast
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Anal
EGO. Age (1-3). Focal pleasure is the ****. Child gains pleasure from withholding and expelling feces.
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Phallic
SUPEREGO. Age (3-6). Focal pleasure is the genital area. Child experiences the Oedipus/Electra complex.
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Latency
Age (6-Puberty). Earlier conflicts repressed.
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Genital
Age (Puberty onward) Sexual desires become conscious alongside puberty.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Includes memories and stored knowledge, can be accessed.

Back

Preconscious

Card 3

Front

Information hard or impossible to achieve, biggest part of our mind. Includes fears, instincts, material that could be distressing/painful/embarrassing/traumatic experiences.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

To direct and motivate behaviour without the conscious awareness. Protects us from bad material that could hurt your psyche if recalled into conscious awareness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Unconscious mind (motivated by pleasure) desire to seek immediate satisfaction. Present from birth. e.g. a baby wanting milk

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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