Approaches in Psychology Key Terms

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  • Created by: Tasc24
  • Created on: 15-02-16 18:37
Empiricism
The belief that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience. It is generally characterised by the use of the scientific method in psychology.
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Introspection
The process by which a person gains knowledge about his or her own mental and emotional syayes as a result of examination or observation of their conscious thoughts and feelings.
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Scientific method
Refers to the use of investigative methods that are objective, systematic and replicable, and the formulation, testing and modification of hypotheses based on these methods.
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Behaviourist
People who believe that human behaviour can be explained in terms of conditioning, without the need to consider thoughts or feelings.
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Classical conditioning
When a neutral stimulus is consistently paired with an unconditioned stimulus so that it eventually takes on the properties of this stimulus and is able to produce a conditioned response.
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Operant conditioning
Learning through reinforcement or punishment. If a behaviour is followed by a desirable consequence then that behaviour is more likely to occur again in the future.
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Card 2

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The process by which a person gains knowledge about his or her own mental and emotional syayes as a result of examination or observation of their conscious thoughts and feelings.

Back

Introspection

Card 3

Front

Refers to the use of investigative methods that are objective, systematic and replicable, and the formulation, testing and modification of hypotheses based on these methods.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

People who believe that human behaviour can be explained in terms of conditioning, without the need to consider thoughts or feelings.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a neutral stimulus is consistently paired with an unconditioned stimulus so that it eventually takes on the properties of this stimulus and is able to produce a conditioned response.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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