approaches in psych

  • Created by: Kayley20
  • Created on: 05-06-18 13:39
explain Wundts contribution to the development of psychology
aim- to study the structure of the human mind, believed that the best way to do this was to break down behaviours, such as sensation and perception, into their basic elements- approach referred to as structuralism
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what is one criticims of Wundts contribution to psychology?
it relied on non observable responses. participants could report on their conscious responses, the processes themselves, like memory and perception, were considered to be unobservable constructions. Wundt’s approach failed due to lack of reliabilty
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what is empiricism?
the belief that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience. It is generally characterised by the use of the scientific method in psychology
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what is introspection?
when a person gains knowledge about his or her own mental and emotional state
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criticisms of introspecion as a method of investigation?
not accurate- we have very little knowledge of the processes underlying our beliefs and attitudes or what causes them
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what is scientific method?
the use of investigative methods that are objective, replicable and systematic
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one strength of the scientific approach?
One strength of the scientific approach in psychology is that it relies on objective and systematic methods of observation. This means that the knowledge acquired using the scientific method is more than just a passive acceptance of the facts.
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one limitation of the scientific approach?
One limitation of the scientific approach in psychology is that much of the subject matter in psychology is unobservable. This means that it cannot be measured with any degree of accuracy.
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what is the behaviourist approach?
assumes human behaviour can be explaines mostly through a basic form of learning known as conditioning and learning through experience
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what is classical conditioning?
a form of learning in which a neutral stimulus (such as the sound of a bell) is consistently paired with an unconditioned stimulus (such as food). It eventually takes on the properties of this stimulus and is able to produce a conditioned response
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what is operant conditioning?
learning through reinforcement and punishment. If a behaviour is followed by a desirable consequence then that behaviour is more likely to occur again in the future. However, if a behaviour is followed by an undesirable consequence then it is less
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what did Pavlov find?
that animals can learn to associate a stimulus that does not ordinarily produce a particular response if that stimulus is paired with another stimulus that does produce that response.
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what is one criticims of Wundts contribution to psychology?

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it relied on non observable responses. participants could report on their conscious responses, the processes themselves, like memory and perception, were considered to be unobservable constructions. Wundt’s approach failed due to lack of reliabilty

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what is empiricism?

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what is introspection?

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criticisms of introspecion as a method of investigation?

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