approaches ; humanistic approach

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY
DFGD
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- free will
dg
2 of 61
claims that human beings have free will and are essentially?
self-determining
3 of 61
does this mean we're not affected by int/external influences?
no
4 of 61
but we have the ability to determine our own developments and are?
active agents
5 of 61
for this reason rogers and maslow reject scientific models that attempt to?
establish general principles of human behaviour
6 of 61
as active agents we are all unique and psych should concern itself with the study of what instead?
subjective experience
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what kind of approach is this referred to as?
person-centred approach
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- self-actualisation
df
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every person has an innate tendency to do what?
achieve full potential
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self-actualisation represents the uppermost level of what structure?
maslow's hierarchy of needs
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what are all four lower levels of the hierarchy called?
deficiency needs
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and self actualisation?
growth need
13 of 61
personal growth is an essential part of?
what it is to be human
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personal growth is concerned with developing as a person to become more?
fulfilled / satisfied / goal-orientated
15 of 61
will everyone manage this?
no
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what will stop them from reaching potential?
psychological barriers
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- self / congruence / condts of worth
dfg
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for personal growth to be achieved the concept of self must have congruence wtih?
ideal self
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what is self?
the way they see themselves
20 of 61
and ideal self?
the person they want to be
21 of 61
what will they experience if too big a gap exists?
state of incongruence
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and what won't be possible?
self-actualisation
23 of 61
why?
negative feelings of self-worth
24 of 61
in order to reduce the gap what did rogers develop?
client-centred therapy
25 of 61
to help people cope with?
problems of everyday living
26 of 61
he claimed many of the issues we experience as adults have roots?
in childhood
27 of 61
and often can be explained by a lack of what from parents?
unconditional positive regoard
28 of 61
what is it called when a parent sets boundaries / limits on love for child?
conditions of worth
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rogers saw one of his roles as an effective therapist as being able to provide clients with?
unconditional positive regard they didn't get as kids
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EVALUATION
DFG
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:( not reductionist
df
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humanists reject any attempt to do what with behaviour?
break up into smaller components
33 of 61
instead humanists advocate what
holism
34 of 61
which is the idea that subjective experience can only be understood how?
considering the whole person
35 of 61
the approach may have more validity than alternatives how?
considering meaningful behaviour within real life context
36 of 61
:( limited application
dfg
37 of 61
true rogerian therapy has revolutionised what?
conselling techniques
38 of 61
and maslow's hierarchy of needs has been used to explain?
motivation
39 of 61
particularly?
workplace
40 of 61
but it remains the case that the approach has limited impact where?
within the discipline of psychology
41 of 61
may in part be due to its lacking of?
sound evidence-base
42 of 61
and also due to fact it has been described not as a comprehensive theory but rather?
loose set of rather abstract concepts
43 of 61
:) positive approach
dfgdf
44 of 61
been praised for bringing what bakc to psych?
the person
45 of 61
and promoting a positive image of?
the human condition
46 of 61
freud saw humans as slaves to?
their past
47 of 61
but humanistic psychology sees all people as basically?
good
48 of 61
free to work towards?
achievement of their potential
49 of 61
and in control of?
their own lives
50 of 61
EVAL EXTRA
FG
51 of 61
:( untestable concepts
fg
52 of 61
things like self actualisation and congruence are useful when?
in therapy
53 of 61
but problematic to assess how?
under experimental condts
54 of 61
rogers did attempt to introduce more rigour by developing what?
the Q-sort
55 of 61
which was an objective measure of?
progress in therapy
56 of 61
nevertheless it's short on what kind of evidence to support claims/
empirical
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:( cultural bias
df
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associated with what type of culture>
individualistic
59 of 61
collectivist cultures emphasise what?
needs of the group
60 of 61
therefore possible this approach is a product of?
cultural context it was developed in
61 of 61

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- free will

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dg

Card 3

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claims that human beings have free will and are essentially?

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Card 4

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does this mean we're not affected by int/external influences?

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Card 5

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but we have the ability to determine our own developments and are?

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