Approaches

HideShow resource information
Biological Approach
Explains behaviour by physical causes (our brains and bodies) ie our genes, neurotransmitters and the endocrine system. We use brain scans to view structure/function of the brain (localisation)
1 of 7
Behaviourist Approach
Influence of experience on our behaviour/how we learn behaviour. Born as blank slates. Learn through classical (association) or operant (reinforcement) conditioning. Nature vs nurture.
2 of 7
Psychodynamic Approach
Sigmund Freud. Behaviour caused by unconscious mind that is closed off to us but active. Iceberg model. Conflict between conscious and unconscious mind. Dreams are a glimpse into unconscious mind. Childhood experiences
3 of 7
Humanistic Approach
Unscientific approach based on the concept of the self. Self-concept and self-esteem. Importance of being able to make own rational decisions. Understanding the whole person. Congruent self. Personal motivation. Free will. Maslo's hierarchy of needs.
4 of 7
Social Learning Approach
Extension of behaviourist approach. Role model imitation.
5 of 7
Cognitive Approach
Focuses on thinking and processing - feelings, beliefs, attitudes, expectations. Computer metaphor. Used to explain many things including mental disorders. (says that depression is caused by negative thinking)
6 of 7
Social Approach
Conformity, authority, social roles.
7 of 7

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Influence of experience on our behaviour/how we learn behaviour. Born as blank slates. Learn through classical (association) or operant (reinforcement) conditioning. Nature vs nurture.

Back

Behaviourist Approach

Card 3

Front

Sigmund Freud. Behaviour caused by unconscious mind that is closed off to us but active. Iceberg model. Conflict between conscious and unconscious mind. Dreams are a glimpse into unconscious mind. Childhood experiences

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Unscientific approach based on the concept of the self. Self-concept and self-esteem. Importance of being able to make own rational decisions. Understanding the whole person. Congruent self. Personal motivation. Free will. Maslo's hierarchy of needs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Extension of behaviourist approach. Role model imitation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »