Applied Ethics - Animals

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  • Created by: Jazoo
  • Created on: 23-02-16 15:20

1. According to Singer, humans are morally required to take what into account?

  • An animal's right not to be eaten
  • An animal's right to vote
  • An animal's welfare (pain/pleasure), in equal measure to that of a human.
  • An animal's welfare (pain/pleasure), just below that of a human's welfare
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2. Rosalind Hursthouse (a modern virtue ethicist) believes that

  • There is a natural hierarchy of living things, the function of those lower down (animals) is to serve the needs of those higher up (humans).
  • The 'moral status' of other animals is an important subject to clarify so that we can determine whether it has rights
  • No animal can be granted higher 'moral status' as there is no familiar set of factors that some animals share and others don't.
  • We must calculate whether an animal's interests and preferences should be included in our utility calculus.

3. Guess the correct Kant quote:

  • Treating animals badly because they are animals is "speciesism"
  • "Humans that lack reason have no intrinsic value"
  • Humans can "deal and dispose [of animals] at one's discretion"
  • Humans have "ultimate power" over everything on Earth

4. When is harm to animals justified according to a utilitarian?

  • When the pleasure created outweighs the animal's suffering
  • Never
  • Always since animals do not have souls
  • Always because animals do not have autonomy or motives for actions

5. For Kant, what is the only source of good?

  • A virtuous character
  • Superior reasoning
  • A good will
  • The consequences of an action


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