Applied Ethics - Animals

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  • Created by: Jazoo
  • Created on: 23-02-16 15:20

1. Under what conditions would treating animals badly be morally wrong for Kant?

  • If the animals are the subject of a life
  • If the overall suffering of animals outweighs the pleasure this bad treatment creates for humans.
  • If it compromises a person's ability to treat other humans well, and therefore threatens the person's own moral integrity.
  • If animals develop better communication skills so that they can explain their experience of pain.
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2. Why does Kant believe that animals are not ends in themselves?

  • Because they do not have the capacity for practical reason
  • Because animals cannot speak
  • Because animals do not have desires
  • Because animals have their own moral laws

3. Which is true (according to Peter Singer)?

  • A young orphaned infant has more interests than a primate.
  • The interests of animals should be taken into account differently as all have varied experience and levels of interests
  • It is irrelevant the way in which an animal suffers.
  • The interests of animals should all be viewed as completely equal

4. Rosalind Hursthouse (a modern virtue ethicist) believes that

  • No animal can be granted higher 'moral status' as there is no familiar set of factors that some animals share and others don't.
  • The 'moral status' of other animals is an important subject to clarify so that we can determine whether it has rights
  • We must calculate whether an animal's interests and preferences should be included in our utility calculus.
  • There is a natural hierarchy of living things, the function of those lower down (animals) is to serve the needs of those higher up (humans).

5. Equality of Moral interest must be based on what according to Singer?

  • Strength
  • Suffering
  • Sentience
  • Intelligence

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