1. According to Singer, humans are morally required to take what into account?
- An animal's right not to be eaten
- An animal's right to vote
- An animal's welfare (pain/pleasure), in equal measure to that of a human.
- An animal's welfare (pain/pleasure), just below that of a human's welfare
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2. Rosalind Hursthouse (a modern virtue ethicist) believes that
- There is a natural hierarchy of living things, the function of those lower down (animals) is to serve the needs of those higher up (humans).
- The 'moral status' of other animals is an important subject to clarify so that we can determine whether it has rights
- No animal can be granted higher 'moral status' as there is no familiar set of factors that some animals share and others don't.
- We must calculate whether an animal's interests and preferences should be included in our utility calculus.
3. Guess the correct Kant quote:
- Treating animals badly because they are animals is "speciesism"
- "Humans that lack reason have no intrinsic value"
- Humans can "deal and dispose [of animals] at one's discretion"
- Humans have "ultimate power" over everything on Earth
4. When is harm to animals justified according to a utilitarian?
- When the pleasure created outweighs the animal's suffering
- Always since animals do not have souls
- Always because animals do not have autonomy or motives for actions
5. For Kant, what is the only source of good?
- A virtuous character
- Superior reasoning
- A good will
- The consequences of an action
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