Anxiety Disorders

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  • Created by: _laurenb
  • Created on: 15-05-15 22:56
Phobia
A persistent, unreasonable fear of an object, activity or situation
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Cognitive Effects
Anxiety is in the thoughts e.g. feelings of worry or panic
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Behavioural Effects
Caused by anxiety disorders e.g. avoidance behaviour
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Somatic Effects
Bodily effects caused by an anxiety disorder e.g. muscle tension or increased perspiration
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Panic attack
rapid increase in anxiety; intense feelings of fear; somatic effects; feelings of loss of control
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Symptoms of Phobia
Intense, inreasonable fear and anxiety; avoidance behaviour
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Agoraphobia
Intense fear of open spaces
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Social Phobia
Intense fear of social or perfomance situations which may cause embarrassment
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Specific Phobia
Intense fear of specific object
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Specific Phobia - Performance
Intense fear of performing in public e.g. public speaking
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Specific Phobia - Interaction
Intense fear of interaction with someone e.g. going on a date
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Specific Phobia - Generalised
Intense fear when in a situation where anyone else is present
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Classical Conditioning
Pairing a natural stimulus that causes fear with a neutral stimulus, causing the neutral stimulus to also cause fear
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Observational Learning
Observing another person's upset of pain from a specific object, activity or situation which then becomes the subject of the fear
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Unconcious Conflict
Caused by unconcious thoughts and wishes; between the ID and ego/ superego and ego
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Displacement
Used by the ego to resolve unconcious conflict; displaces conflict onto external object which then becomes the object feared
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Systematic Desensitisation
Relaxation techniques; stepped approach to facing the phobia
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Flooding
Teaching a perosn to 'unlearn' their phobia by immediately presenting the feared object without relaxation techniques; causes hieghtened levels of anxiety which then fall as realised by the person
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Drug Therapy
Changes the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain
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Psychodynamic Therapy
Identifying the cause of unconcious conflicy through free association and dream analysis
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Free Association
Thinking conciously about the phobia and then reporting on it without censorship
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Anxiety is in the thoughts e.g. feelings of worry or panic

Back

Cognitive Effects

Card 3

Front

Caused by anxiety disorders e.g. avoidance behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Bodily effects caused by an anxiety disorder e.g. muscle tension or increased perspiration

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

rapid increase in anxiety; intense feelings of fear; somatic effects; feelings of loss of control

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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