Anxiety

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Attentional Control Theory (Eysneck et al, 2007)
Theory based on Processing Efficiency Theory (Eysneck and Calvo, 1992) Dicusses how anxiety impairs attentional direction and increases stimuli's effect on processing systems; especially with threat-related stimuli
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6 Hypotheses of ACT (Eysneck et al, 2007)
1. Anxiety impairs efficiency more than effectiveness in the central executive (Visu-Petra et al, 2011) 2. As central demands increase, negative effects of anxiety increase. 3.AC decreases as anxiety increases, and periphery comes in focus
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6 Hypotheses of ACT (Eysneck et al, 2007) pt.2
4. Anxiety impairs efficiency (and often effectiveness) in inhibition tasks. 5. Anxiety impairs shifting function and effectiveness, decreasing performance. 6. Anxiety impairs processing efficiency and updating function under stress
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Processing Efficiency Theory (Eysenck and Calvo, 1992)
Worry has two effects: reducing storage and processing ability of working memory; and impairing in-task effort and performance. Effectiveness more than efficiency
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3 Functions of Processing Efficiency (Eysenck and Calvo, 1992)
Shifting- The ability to switch attention between stimuli in a task. Inhibition- the ability to block out a stimulus while focusing on necessary one. Updating- Having a picture of the playing field and remembering it whilst changing focus
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Stress (Selye, 1956)
Is the onset of the 'Fight or Flight' system in result of stimuli. The HPA axis sends hormone to the potuity gland and that send adrenal-cortex to kidney. Adrenaline and cortisol are released-onset of sympathetic sysetm
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Multidimensional Anxiety Theory (Martens et al, 1990)
Cognitive anxiety has negative linear relationship with anxiety. Somatic anxiety has inverted 'U' relationship with performance
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Hanton et al (2004)
Pre-game cog and som anxity increases whilst self-confidence decreases between 2hours and 30mins before comp (intensity). Anxiety frequency increases from 7days- 30mins before comp. Self confidence increases 7-2days.
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Nieuwenhuys et al (2008)
Attentional focus widens with increase in anxiety. Saccadic movements allow us to be blind for fraction of a second. In theory this means that the more anxious we get, the less info we extract.
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Wood and Wilson (2010)
Found anxiety increases saccadic movements in penalty kicks
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Nibbeling et al (2012)
Study aimed to see impact of high anxiety situations on expert level darts. Played darts whilst on climbing wall. Found once expertise is achieved, there isn't significant decrease in performance under stress.
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Card 2

Front

6 Hypotheses of ACT (Eysneck et al, 2007)

Back

1. Anxiety impairs efficiency more than effectiveness in the central executive (Visu-Petra et al, 2011) 2. As central demands increase, negative effects of anxiety increase. 3.AC decreases as anxiety increases, and periphery comes in focus

Card 3

Front

6 Hypotheses of ACT (Eysneck et al, 2007) pt.2

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Processing Efficiency Theory (Eysenck and Calvo, 1992)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

3 Functions of Processing Efficiency (Eysenck and Calvo, 1992)

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Preview of the front of card 5
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