Antibiotic

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7 types of antibiotics
penicillin, cephalosporins, carbapenems, macrolides, tetracycline, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones
1 of 10
beta-lactam ring structure
inhibiting bacterial cell wall,-->beta lactmase (penicillin, cephalosporins, carbapenems)
2 of 10
4 types of penicillins
basic penicillin, board spectrum penicillin, pencillinase- resistant penicillin, Extended spectrum penicillin
3 of 10
basic penicillin, gram? explamples
gram+(staphylococcal infections),penicillinase sensitive, penicillinG +penicillin V potassium
4 of 10
board spectrum penicillin (aminopencillin)
gram+/-- (e-coli, haemophuilus influenza), peniillinase sensitive, e.g. amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam)
5 of 10
penicillinase- resistant penicillin( antistaphylococcal penicillin)
(treat penicillinase-producing staphylococcus. aureus)Gram+/-weak , e.g nafcillin, oxacillin sodium, cloxcillin
6 of 10
extended-spectrum penicillin (antipseudomonal penicillin)
board- spectrum penicillin , gram--/+, penicillinase sensitive, e.g. geocillin, tazocin, timentin
7 of 10
broad spectrum antibiotic
penicillinase sensitive penicillin + beta- lactamase inhibitor,( augmentin, unasyn, tazocin, timentin), funcution fro protect function of the antibiotic
8 of 10
penicillin nursing process
monitor the allergy response, ( after first and scond doses, Xcombine with aminoglycosides with penicillin G, BLeeding , dilute the antibiotic for iv use
9 of 10
cephalosporins
beta-lactam structure-->interfere bacteria cell synthesis,osmolarity inside the cell. bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

beta-lactam ring structure

Back

inhibiting bacterial cell wall,-->beta lactmase (penicillin, cephalosporins, carbapenems)

Card 3

Front

4 types of penicillins

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

basic penicillin, gram? explamples

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

board spectrum penicillin (aminopencillin)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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