Ante-Natal Tests and Scans

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What are Routine Checks for in Pregnancy?
To Detect any Problems with Mother and Baby.
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Why is the Abdomen Palpated?
To Check Size, Position and Movement of the Foetus.
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The Legs are Checked For?
Swelling, which may be an Indication of Pre-Eclampsia and Varicose Veins.
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Urine is Checked For?
Protein (Albumen) which may Indicate Pre-Eclampsia and Bladder and Kidney Infections and Ketones which may Indicate Ill Health and Dehydration. Chlamydia can also be Detected.
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Name some Symptoms of Pre-Eclampsia?
Blurred Vision, Headaches, Upper Abdominal Pain and Swollen Fingers and Ankles.
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How is Pre-Eclampsia Managed?
By Hospital Admission, Medication, Close Monitoring and Possible Early Delivery to avoid Eclampsia.
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What is Eclampsia?
Is a Serious Condition, which may lead to Convulsions, Multiple Organ Failure and Death or Mother and Baby.
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What is Foetal Heartbeat Checked For?
Presence, Measured using a Sonic Aid or Pinard Stethoscope.
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Why are Blood Tests Taken?
To Check The Mothers Blood Group, Rhesus Factor, Rubella Immunity, Hepatitus B, Anaemia, Thalassaemia, Sickle-Cell Anaemia and HIV.
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Explain How an Ultrasound Works?
They can either by 2D, 3D or 4D. A Hand Held Scanner is used over the Abdomen, which is covered in Gel, Reflecting Sound Waves, which Project an Image of the Baby and its Internal Orgas onto a Screen.
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Why do a Ultrasound?
Scanning Confirms Pregnancy, Gives Exact Foetal Age and Size, Checks Number of Foetuses, Checks for Abnormalities like Limbs and Internal Organs, Checks Heartbeat, Umbilical Cord and Position of the Placenta.
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Name the 2 Main Screening Tests?
Nuchal Fold Translucency and Triple/Quadruple Test (Serum Screening).
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What is the Nuchal Translucency Test?
An Ultrasound Scan that looks at the Fold of Skin on the Back of the Baby's Neck and the Fluid found there is Measured. Excess Fluid could indicate Down Syndrome.
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What is the Triple/Quadruple Test?
A Blood Test, which measures the Levels of 2 Hormones, HCG and AFP (Alphafetoprotein). These measurments along with the Womens Age Estimate the Possibility of Genetic Conditions like Down Syndrome. High Levels of AFP indicate Spina Bifida.
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What is Done with the Results of the Screening Test?
If the Screening Test shows an Increased Risk of Abnormality, Diagnositic Tests can be done to Confirm Findings.
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What are the 2 Main Invasive Diagnostic Tests?
Amniocentis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS).
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What is a Amniocentesis Test?
Normally Done at 15-19 Weeks of the Pregnancy. A Sample of the Amniotic Fluid is Removed using an Ultrasound Scan and a Hollow Needle Inserted into the Uterus.
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What is the Amniotic Fluid Examined For?
Genetic Conditions such as Down Syndrome or Edwards Syndrome, Spina Bifida, Sex of the Baby, Viral Infections and the Baby's Lung Development. Its also Offered if there is a Family History of a Chromosomal Abnormality.
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What is the Chrionic Villus Sampling (CVS) Test For?
Is when a sample of the Placenta Tissue is Removed using a Hollow Needle and an Ultrasound Scan. It Detects the same Conditions as Amniocentesis but has a Higher Risk of Causing Misscarriage.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Why is the Abdomen Palpated?


To Check Size, Position and Movement of the Foetus.

Card 3


The Legs are Checked For?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Urine is Checked For?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Name some Symptoms of Pre-Eclampsia?


Preview of the front of card 5
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