Antarctica Extreme Tourism Case Study

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How large is Antarctica?
It covers an area of about 14 million km^2 and about 98% of this is covered with ice.
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Approximately how many tourists visited Antarctica in 2007/2008?
46,000
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What attracts tourists to Antarctica?
Stunning scenery, interesting wildlife, winter sports.
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Why do tourists have such a large impact on the environment in Antarctica?
Antarctica is very cold and doesn't get much sunshine in winter, so the land ecosystems are very fragile - it takes a long time for them to recover from damage. Also, the sea ecosystem is delicately balanced.
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How do tourists impact on the environment in Antarctica?
>Tourists can trample plants, disturb wildlife and drop litter >Possible threat of tourists accidentally introducing non-native species or diseases that could wipe out existing species >Fuel spillages could kill molluscs, fish, and birds
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What is the Antarctic Treaty?
An international agreement from 1961 that has been signed by 47 countries. It is designed to protect and conserve the area ant its plant and animal life. New limits from 2009: only ships with fewer than 500 passengers are allowed to land.
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What are the rules on the Code of Conduct?
>Specially Protected Areas- off limits to tourists >Wildlife- must not be disturbed >Litter- nothing can be left behind & no smoking >Supervision- Stay with group & a qualified guide>Plant life-no walking on plants >Waste- sewage treated biologically
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Card 2

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Approximately how many tourists visited Antarctica in 2007/2008?

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46,000

Card 3

Front

What attracts tourists to Antarctica?

Back

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Card 4

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Why do tourists have such a large impact on the environment in Antarctica?

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do tourists impact on the environment in Antarctica?

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