Animal Learning and Cognition (5)

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In Pavlovian conditioning, what is the CS and an example?
conditioned stimulus (a tone)
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In Pavlovian conditioning, what is a US and an example?
Unconditioned stimulus (food)
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In Pavlovian conditioning, what is a UR and an example?
unconditioned response (eating)
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In Pavlovian conditioning what is a CR and an example?
conditioned response (salivation)
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How did Holland explain Pavlovian conditioning?
Suggested the tone evokes a memory of the food, so they experience the perceptual properties of the food when they hear the tone
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How did Konorski explain Pavlovian conditioning?
they learn the relationship between the CS and the US
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Konorski suggested they learn the properties of the US, what can these properties be?
specific qualities or affective qualities
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What are specific qualities?
things that are unique about the US e.g. flavour, intensity of the shock
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What are affective qualities?
things that the US's have in common
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What are affective qualities divided into?
Appetitive (pleasant, food, drink, mating) or Aversive (unpleasant, illness, shock)
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What is stimulus substitution and how do pigeons show it?
It is when the animals CR is a substitute for the US. The way pigeons peck depends on which stimulus is provided (water or food)
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What is a preparatory response?
A response (to the affective qualities not specific) in preparation for the delivery of the US
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What is an example of a preparatory response to a stimuli with positive affective qualities?
approach
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Rats freeze in anticipation of foot shocks, how does this show that they learn affective rather than specific qualities?
If they had learnt the specific qualities of the shock they are more likely to jump off the floor
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Which two biological mechanisms is drugs tolerance due to?
metabolic changes and synaptic changes
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What happens if drugs are taken in an environment when the body hasn't learnt to give a compensatory response?
The person is more likely to overdose because the body is less prepared
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Card 2

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In Pavlovian conditioning, what is a US and an example?

Back

Unconditioned stimulus (food)

Card 3

Front

In Pavlovian conditioning, what is a UR and an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In Pavlovian conditioning what is a CR and an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Holland explain Pavlovian conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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