Animal Learning and Cognition

HideShow resource information
Why study animal learning and cognition?
curiosity, relevance to other disciplines (human cognitive, behavioural neuroscience and artificial intelligence)
1 of 22
What does On the Origin of Species (Darwin 1895) emphasise?
the continuity of species, including humans
2 of 22
What was George Romane's view of evolution?
linear and hierarchical
3 of 22
What is the quote from George Romans which shows his ideas on the evolution of intellectual abilities?
"they act with rational imitation - which involves a rational understanding of technical properties and considerable reasoning power"
4 of 22
What was Conway Lloyd Morgan's view on animal intelligence?
Against anthropomorphism, thought anecdotal evidence needed to be assessed more objectively
5 of 22
What is Lloyd Morgan's Canon?
In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise of a higher phsyhchical faculty, if it can be interpreted as the outcome of one which stands lower in psychological scale
6 of 22
What is Thorndike's law of effect?
If a response leads to a satisfying outcome it will be strengthened (suggests animals only learn by trial and error)
7 of 22
How do Thorndike's puzzle boxes support his law of effect?
There is a gradual decrease in time taken to escape, not a sudden decrease after the first correct escape (which is what you would expect if the animal could reason)
8 of 22
Who lead the behaviourist revolution?
Watson in the 1900s
9 of 22
What did Skinner create and why?
Skinner boxes/ conditioning chambers... as an automated way to record animal behaviour, as observing them may have an influence
10 of 22
What is operant conditioning and through which process is it researched?
Where making a particular response leads to a reward, through response shaping
11 of 22
What are the other names for pavlovian conditioning?
classical conditioning, type 1 conditioning, respondent conditioning
12 of 22
What is pavlovian conditioning?
Where a neutral stimulus signals a reinforcer like food and the two become paired
13 of 22
What is the CS?
conditioned stimulus (bell)
14 of 22
What is the US?
Unconditioned stimulus (food)
15 of 22
What is acquisition?
When the CS and US are paired together
16 of 22
What is the asymptote?
when the CS US pairing levels off
17 of 22
What is extinction?
When the CS is given alone and doesn't lead to a US
18 of 22
What is Spontaneous recovery?
conflict about whether or not the CS leads to the US
19 of 22
What is stimulus generalisation?
The learned response is generalised to similar stimuli
20 of 22
What is the generalisation gradient?
The whole curve that shows the response to different similar stimuli
21 of 22
What does the generalisation decrement show?
that generalisation decreases at the sides where the stimulus becomes increasingly dissimilar
22 of 22

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does On the Origin of Species (Darwin 1895) emphasise?

Back

the continuity of species, including humans

Card 3

Front

What was George Romane's view of evolution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the quote from George Romans which shows his ideas on the evolution of intellectual abilities?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Conway Lloyd Morgan's view on animal intelligence?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Animal learning and cognition resources »