Animal behaviour

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What are the advantages to organisms of innate behaviour?
Passed on to offspring. Rigid. Short time. Sterotypical in all members of species. No sense of purpose for unintelligent
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Describe the Reflexes escape reflex
Avoid predators- eg earthworms. Involuntary responses in response to stimuli
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Describe the Kineses escape reflex
Orientation behaviour- rate of movement increases when organism in unfavourable environment eg woodlice move faster with no direction in light conditions
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Describe the Taxes escape reflex
Directional response. Positive phototaxes: towards light, negative: away from. Chemo= same. Mixture of Kineses and Taxes= bee waggle dance- complex
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What is learned behaviour?
Altered by experience.Forms basis of inteligent and intellectual activity. Variety between members of species. Teaching not passed to offspring
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Describe the habituation learned behaviour
Animals learn to ignore stimuli if repeatedly exposed with neither punishment or reward
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Describe the imprinting learned behaviour
Young animals. Become associated with parents. Follow and learn from objects that that look like first thing they see. Only occurs in sensitive period
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Describe the classical conditioning learned behaviour
Pavlov's Dog. Conditioned stimulus leads to new reflex action
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What is operant conditioning?
Operation=reward. Used to train dogs Trial and error learning
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What is latent (exploratory) learning?
Exploring surroundings not of essential importance at first but may be vital later on Learn features of environment to escape predators
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What is insight learning?
Highest form. Think and reason to solve problems. Once solved, solution to problem remembered eg chimpanzees reaching for bananas by stacking boxes
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What is the advantage of social behaviour in primates?
Females give birth to few offspring- protection. Young learn through observation: vital for survival. Large brain size slows maturing- group protection enhances learning. Knowledge of food sources shared. Able to detect and deter predators together
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How can we understand human behaviours be linked to the dopamine receptors?
Addictive behaviours- ADHD] Receptor more common in these cases. Dopamine binds and causes different responses in different receptors
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe the Reflexes escape reflex

Back

Avoid predators- eg earthworms. Involuntary responses in response to stimuli

Card 3

Front

Describe the Kineses escape reflex

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the Taxes escape reflex

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is learned behaviour?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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