Ancient greek medicine

Ancient greek medine flashcards.

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Thinking and debating was important in their life. How did this help medicine progress?
they observed and great emphasis was placed on maths, science and philosophy; They began to think about cures and how the body works
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What 4 elements did they think everything was made up of?
Water; Earth; Fire; Air
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Who was Asclepious?
God of healing.
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What happened at an Asklepion temple?
Sick people went with the hope that Asclepios, his snake of healing, and his 2 daughters (Hygiea and Panacea) would cure them. In fact, it was the fresh air, exercise, healthy food and cleanliness that cured them with surgery from doctors at night.
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Who was Hippoocrates?
Founding father of medicine
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What did Hippocrates believe about medicine?
There were natural causes and explanations of illness.
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Who was Hippocrates work influenced by?
Pythagoras-who believed a healthy body was one in balance- and Alcmaeon-who believed that an imbalance of hot, cold, wet or dry elements is a sign of illness. e.g. high temp & shivering.
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What's the hippocratic oath?
The oath doctors take that commands them to do what is best for th patient and never harm them.
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What was hippocrates' book called and what was it about?
Hippocratic Corpus is a collectiong of medical books.
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What did Hippocrates think caused illness?
An imbalance of air, water, earth and fire. An environmental cause of illness.
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What is the clinical method of observation?
Diagnosis(study symptoms), prognosis(consider and predict), observe(note and compare), and treat(treat with confidence of cure).
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What did the hippocratic corpus teach about lifestyle regimens?
Excerise, hygiene, washing, and sleep is important. When seasons change, change your diet-summer: drink more eat less - winter: eat more, drink less.
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Who was Aristotle?
He developed the idea of 'the four humours' from hippocrates balacing theory.
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Explain the four humours.
The body was made up of the humours ; Blood, Phlegm,Yellow Bile, Black Bile. An imbalance in the humours CAUSED illness e.g. Too much Phlegm caused illness. In order to cure, you had to restore balance by bleeding, purging, vomiting, etc.
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What helped knowledge of Anatomy progress in Ancient Greece?
The city of Alexandria allowed human dissection. People who had been sentenced to death were involved in vivisection(dissection of alive animals).
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What did dissection teach people in Ancient Greece?
Herophilus compared our nervous system to animals and realised the brain controlled the body; Erasistratus disovered veins, arteries and nerves;
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What was Alexandria?
A city founded by Alexander the great, in Egypt. He trained doctors there and dissection was allowed.
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What was surgery like in Ancient greece?
Surgery was a last resort. There wasn't any anaesthetics or antiseptics. There is only evidence of cataract operations, so surgical knowledge was limited.
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What did Ancient Greeks think caused illness?
Natural causes; Imbalance of the 4 humours.
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What did Ancient Greeks think cured illness?
Balanced humours; Appealing to Alcepius; Asklepion temples; Common sense cures from the hypocratic corpus
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What 4 elements did they think everything was made up of?


Water; Earth; Fire; Air

Card 3


Who was Asclepious?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What happened at an Asklepion temple?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Who was Hippoocrates?


Preview of the front of card 5
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