Ancient Greece

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 29-12-13 10:12
When was the Ancient greek Period?
1000BC-150BC
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Was Ancient Greece a country or a culture?
A culture that expanded beyond mainland greece.
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Where did the Ancient Greeks settle?
Greece, Modern Albania, Turkey, Italy, Spain and Northern Africa
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How was Ancient Greece ruled?
There were city states that all governed how they wished.
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What was different in the way the Ancient greeks run their country(s) compared to the egyptians?
In Ancient egypt there was a central state in Ancient greece there were many city states.
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What were the two main medical beliefs?
Rational and Supernatural
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Did both of the medical beliefs (rational and supernatural) develop?
Yes
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Who is most commonly associated with Rational Medial beliefs?
Hippocrates
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Name a medical problem rational beliefs would have helped
War wounds
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Who was at the centre of Medical supernatural beliefs?
Gods particularly Asclepious
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What did Gods control in terms of medicine?
Sent out plagues, could heal people
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Supernatural beliefs are linked to what type of illness?
disease
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Who was the main god in charge of health?
Asclepious
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Where did people go if they were ill?
Asclepions
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What did people do at the Asclepions?
Make an offering to Asclepious, bathe in the sea to clense and purify themselves, sleep in the Abaton and hope Asclepious would heal them
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How many nights did people spend at the Asclepions?
1
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When did the use of Asclepions stop?
At the end of the roman period
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Was the idea of asclepions carried through other periods of time (other than roman)?
Yes, in the middle ages pilgrims would go to churches to become healthy and get rid of sins god had punished them with.
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Where Asclepions associated with Rational or Supernatural beliefs?
Supernatural (associated with the greek GOD asclepius.)
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Who opposed all supernatural beliefs?
Hippocrates
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What ideas did Hippocrates come up with?
Clinical observation, Four Humours & Hippocratic Oath
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What are the four key parts of clinical observation?
Diagnosis, prognosis, observation & treatment. (records)
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What is clinical observation?
The careful noting of all the symptoms of a disease and of the changes in the patients condition during the course of an illness.
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What is meant by Diagnosis in Clinical Observation?
Doctors would study the symptoms of the patient. they would establish In which ways the patient different was different from normal
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What was Prognosis? (CO)
Try to predict the course the illness will follow, by thinking about other patients with the same symptoms/
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What did observation involve? (CO)
Observing the patient, noting changes in their condition and comparing it to the prognosis
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What did Treatment involve? (CO)
Treat the patient, but only when observations have confirmed the prognosis and previous experience has shown the treatment to succeed
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What was the theory the four humours based on?
Balance
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What natural concept was the four humours based on?
Seasons
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What were the 4 conditions that the four humours were based on?
Wet, Dry, Hot & cold
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What were the four elements (thought to make up the earth) that the four humors was based on?
Air, Fire, Earth Water.
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What were the four humours?
Blood, Yellow bile, Black bile, phlegm.
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Which season and element was Blood linked to?
Spring, Air.
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Which season and element was Yellow bile linked to?
Summer, Fire.
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Which season and element was Black bile linked to?
Autumn, Earth.
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Which season and element was Phlegm linked to?
Winter, Water.
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Which three other key people helped the development of the four humors?
Pythagoras, Alcmaeon of croton & Aristotle
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What was the hippocratic oath?
An oath taken by doctors who promised to follow correct procedures.
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Is the hippocratic oath used today?
yes all doctors take an oath to put the patients life first regardless.
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What treatments did Hippocrates Promote
Rest & cleanliness
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What does regimen mean?
healthy lifestyle
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What did people say created a healthy 'regimen'
Eating and drinking well, exercise and keeping clean
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Did everyone follow a healthy lifestyle?
No the poor had a worse lifestyle compared to the correct lifestyle of the rich
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How did the greeks tell people about the healthy lifestyle?
Books
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What factors hindered medicine in Ancient Greece?
Science (No microscopes to discover disease) Religion (stopped dissection)
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What factors helped medicine in Ancient greece?
Religion (Ideas of being clean in the asclepions)
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Card 2

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Was Ancient Greece a country or a culture?

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A culture that expanded beyond mainland greece.

Card 3

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Where did the Ancient Greeks settle?

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Card 4

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How was Ancient Greece ruled?

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Card 5

Front

What was different in the way the Ancient greeks run their country(s) compared to the egyptians?

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