Ancient Egyptian Medicine

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What is the difference between history and prehistory?
Prehistory was before writing. History began when writing began in the Ancient Egyptian Era.
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Why was the River Nile Significant?
It flooded once a year and ferilised crops; More food was provided so no on went hungry; made trading herbs easier; written records could be sent to others.
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Did the egyptians believe in animism?
Yes. They thought the gods controlled illness.
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Who was Sekhmet?
Goddess of war, who could cure epidemics(outbreaks of disease).
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Who was Thoth?
The god who gave doctors the ability to cure.
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Who was Imhotep?
The pharoah Zoser's doctor and god of healing.
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What was the book of Thoth and what else was it known as?
A book of written remedies and spells for healing. It was also known as Papyrus Ebers because it was once owned by a German Egptologist called Maurics Ebers.
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What drug did the Egyptians invent that is still used today?
Opium.
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What was key in the way that they diagnosed people?
Observation
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How did mummification hinder medicine?
They couldn't dissect experimentally because they believed that if you ruin or destroy a body, you can't go to the afterlife.
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How did mummification help medicine?
It gave Egyptians some knowledge of anatomy.
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What was the 'channel theory'?
They thought there was a series of channels (like the river nile) that flowed from your heart to the whole body. If a channel was blocked you got ill.
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What did Egyptians think caused illness?
Blocked channels; some thought spiritual; bad diet
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What did Egyptians think cured illness?
Cleanliness; unblocking channels by purging, vomiting or bleeding; Sympatheitic magic(taking an animals eye and hoping the sight will transfer into a blinds eye); Papyruc ebers or Book of Thoth; Imhoptep; Rituals; Sekhmet
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What medicinal method was the Egyptians good at?
First Aid: bandaging, reseting dislocated joints; setting broken bones in mud.
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What was mummification?
Removing organs and placing them in jars of salt with the body.
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What was the difference between doctors in egyptian times and prehistoric times.
In Egyptian times, being a doctor was now a profession.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was the River Nile Significant?

Back

It flooded once a year and ferilised crops; More food was provided so no on went hungry; made trading herbs easier; written records could be sent to others.

Card 3

Front

Did the egyptians believe in animism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was Sekhmet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was Thoth?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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