Ancient Philosophical Influences flashcards - Plato and Aristotle

16 quick flascards to provide a basic overview of the Ancient philosophical influences section of the course

  • Created by: Berbtato
  • Created on: 24-01-17 09:22
World of forms
Platos theoretical world of perfect 'forms' of every object, creature and concept
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Prime Mover
Aristotle's concept of the ultimate cause of movement and change in our universe, also called the unmoved mover (Can act with being acted upon)
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Reason
Using logical steps and thought processes to reach a conclusion
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Forms
Name Plato gave to ideal or perfect concepts
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Four Causes
Aristotle's method of understanding the universe: Material Cause, Formal cause, Efficient cause and Final cause
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Empiricist
Someone who thinks the primary source of knowledge is experience gained via senses (A posteriori)
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Socratic method
Method of philosophical reasoning which involves critical questioning
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Analogy
Comparison between one thing and another to show meaning, a sort of story or tale with meaning behind it
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Transcendent
Being beyond this world and outside the realm of normality
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Dualism
Belief that reality can be divided into two parts, good and evil or physical and non-physical etc
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Rationalist
Someone who believes the primary source of knowledge is through reason (A priori)
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Aetion
An explanatory factor, reason or cause for something
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Form of the Good
Considered by Plato to be the ultimate highest form that embodies goodness and resides at the top of the form heirachy
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Telos
The End, or purpose, of something
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Thiest
Someone who believes in a God or multiple Gods
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Analogy of the cave
Plato's story about prisoners who never saw anything but the shadows on a cave wall, untill one was released but the others refused to believe him about the real world. Its intended to show that people are comfortable in their ignorance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Aristotle's concept of the ultimate cause of movement and change in our universe, also called the unmoved mover (Can act with being acted upon)

Back

Prime Mover

Card 3

Front

Using logical steps and thought processes to reach a conclusion

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name Plato gave to ideal or perfect concepts

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aristotle's method of understanding the universe: Material Cause, Formal cause, Efficient cause and Final cause

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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