Anatomy of the Shoulder (glenohumeral) & Hip (acetabulofemoral) Joints - MCQ/SBA (for BM5 NLM1)

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1. The axilla conatins the axillary artery, axillary vein, brachial plexus and the axillary lymph nodes. Why might the axillary lymph nodes be important clinically?

  • They can be the site of metastases in breat cancer cases
  • They connect the brain to the armpit
  • They are a potential site of primary infection for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
  • They can quickly fill the armpit with lymphatic fluid, causing death by armpit explosion
  • They start pumping milk into the breast tissue around the time of child birth
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Which ligament passes between the coracoid and acromion processes, forming a fibro-osseus arch superior to the head of the humerus, thus preventing superior displacement of the humeral head?

  • Acromio-osseus ligament
  • Coracohumeral ligament
  • Humero-osseus ligament
  • Coracoacromial ligament
  • Fibro-osseus ligament

3. Which spinal nerves form the femoral nerve?

  • L2, L3, L4, L5
  • L3, L4
  • L2, L3, L4
  • L2, L3
  • L3, L4, L5

4. Name the main muscle principally responsible for abduction at the shoulder joint (clue: it's found laterally).

  • Deltoid (middle fibres)
  • Pectoralis Minor
  • Deltoid (posterior fibres)
  • Deltoid (anterior fibres)
  • Pectoralis Major

5. Name the main muscles principally responsible for adduction at the shoulder joint (clue: they're found medially).

  • Latissimus Dorsi, Serratus Anterior & Pectoralis Major
  • Serratus Anterior, Teres Major & Pectoralis Minor
  • Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major & Pectoralis Major
  • Teres Major, Teres Minor & Serratus Anterior
  • Teres Minor, Pectoralis Major & Pectoralis Minor


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