Anatomy of the Shoulder (glenohumeral) & Hip (acetabulofemoral) Joints - MCQ/SBA (for BM5 NLM1)

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1. Which spinal nerves form the Obturator nerve?

  • L3, L4, L5
  • L3, L4
  • L2, L3
  • L2, L3, L4
  • L2, L3, L4, L5
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2. Name the main muscles that cause extension at the hip joint (clue: found posterior to the joint)

  • Gluteus Maximus, Glutues Medius, Gluteus Minimus & Biceps Femoris
  • Gluteus Maximus, Tensor Fasciae Latae & Adductor Longus
  • Gluteus Maximus, Glutues Medius & Gluteus Minimus
  • Gluteus Maximus, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus & Biceps Femoris
  • Gluteus Maximus, Biceps Femoris & Quadraceps Femoris

3. How are myotomes clinically assessed?

  • By assessing brain sensation using neurosurgery
  • By assessing cutaneous sensation using a pin
  • By assessing subcutaneous sensation using a scalpel
  • By assessing muscular sensation using a reflex examination
  • By assessing bone sensation using a chainsaw

4. Identify the three functions of the fibrocartilaginous disk that separates the articular surfaces at the sternoclavicular joint

  • Prevent fighting between the bones, be soft, look good
  • Prevent medial clavicle displacement, make fibrocollagen, speed up healing
  • Prevent lateral clavicle displacement, shock absorber, increased joint separation
  • Prevent medial clavicular displacement, shock absorber, increased joint congruency
  • Prevent any movement, send the shock up the clavicle, increased joint congruency

5. Which ligament arises from the coracoid process and attaches to the anatomical neck of the humerus?

  • Scapulohumeral ligament
  • Coracobrachialis ligament
  • Coracohumeral ligament
  • Coracoanatomico ligament
  • Scapulobrachialis ligament

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