Anatomy and Physiology

How many pairs of intercostal muscles are there?
Eleven
1 of 67
The process of inspiration is best described as?
Active
2 of 67
What stimulates the diaphragm to contract?
Phrenic Nerve
3 of 67
What happens to pressure in the pleural cavity during expiration?
Increases
4 of 67
What stimulates the intercostal muscles to contract?
Intercostal Nerves
5 of 67
The process of expiration is best described as?
Passive
6 of 67
What is the name of the large muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities?
Diaphragm
7 of 67
What happens to pressure in the pleural cavity during inspiration?
Decreases
8 of 67
Air comprises of what?
Oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and water vapour
9 of 67
What percentage of oxygen makes up air?
21%
10 of 67
What units are used to describe the measure of Atmospheric Pressure
MmHg (millimeters of mercury)
11 of 67
Gaseous exchange occurs at alveoli and cellular level using what principle?
Diffusion
12 of 67
External respiration can be described as?
The exchange of gases at alveoli level within the lungs
13 of 67
Oxygen is transported in the blood by bind to? What does this form?
Binds to haemoglobin to form oxyhaemoglobin
14 of 67
How is carbon dioxide transported in the blood?
as bicarbonate
15 of 67
How is carbon dioxide converted to bicarbonate?
Carbon dioxide binds with water to form carbonic acid. Carbonic anhydrase catalyses the reaction where carbonic acid splits to form bicarbonate and H+ ions
16 of 67
Where does the conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate take place? Does it stay here?
Takes place in the red blood cell however bicarbonate then leaves the RBC and is transported in the blood
17 of 67
What is the equation for conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate?
CO2 + H20 > H2CO3 > (carbonic anhydrase) > H+ ions + HCO3-
18 of 67
The diffusion of O2 and CO2 at a cellular level described as?
Internal respiration
19 of 67
What vessels carry deoxygenated blood to the lungs?
Left and right Pulmonary arteries
20 of 67
Oxygenated blood is pumped out of which chamber of the heart and into which vessel?
Pumped out of the left ventricle via the aorta
21 of 67
How many pairs of ribs does a rib cage have?
Twelve
22 of 67
When bones are connected by a disc of hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage, the joint is called a?
Cartilaginous joint
23 of 67
Osteoblasts are responsible for?
Building bones
24 of 67
What is not a main factor that contributes to the growth and health of bones? a) hormones, b) exercise, c) diet, d) sunlight, e) blood
e) blood
25 of 67
Which of the following inserts on the arm? a) Biceps brachii, b) Trapezius, c) Latissimus dorsi, d) Vastus lateralis
a) Biceps brachii
26 of 67
This muscle dorsiflexes the foot
Tibialis anterior
27 of 67
A round or oval opening through a bone is a? a) Fissure, b) Condyle, c) Facet, d) Foramen
d) Foramen
28 of 67
The axial skeleton contains the bones of the?
Skull, vertebral column & thoracic cage
29 of 67
How is bone remodelling accomplished?
Osteoclasts break down matrix while osteoblasts form new bone matrix
30 of 67
Which muscle extends the elbow?
Triceps brachii
31 of 67
Which muscle divides the ventral cavity into the thoracic and abdominal pelvic cavities?
Diaphragm
32 of 67
Which muscle is the prime mover for hip flexion? a) Gluteus maximus, b) Hamstring group, c) iliopsoas, d) Quadriceps group, e) all the above
c) iliopsoas
33 of 67
The concentric layers of the bone are known as? a) Lacunae, b) canaliculi, c) Volkmann's layers, d) lamellae
d) lamellae
34 of 67
If in a sample of bone the lamellae are not arranged in osteons, then this sample is from the?
Epiphysis
35 of 67
When a person is standing on their toes, they are?
Plantar flexing
36 of 67
When a person is kneeling they are?
flexing their leg
37 of 67
Which muscle is considered the ideal site for an intramuscular injection?
Vastus lateralis
38 of 67
How would severing the tendon attached to a muscle affect the muscle's ability to move a body part?
No movement is possible without a muscle to bone connection
39 of 67
Contractions in which the muscle do not shorten are called?
isometric
40 of 67
which bone articulates with the scapula at the glenoid cavity?
Head of the humerus
41 of 67
The long bone is formed by?
two epiphysis, one diaphysis and two metaphysis
42 of 67
True or false: Doing a medial rotation of the hand from anatomical position supinates the hand
False
43 of 67
How many vertebrae form the vertebral column?
24
44 of 67
Name the four types of bone?
1) Flat, 2) Short, 3) Irregular, 4) Long
45 of 67
What are the names of the three types of muscle tissue?
1) Skeletal, 2) Cardiac, 3) Smooth
46 of 67
What are the five functions of the bones?
1) Protection, 2) Movement, 3) Support, 4) Storage, 5) Haematopoiesis
47 of 67
What types of bone tissue are in the skeleton?
Compact bone and Spongy bone
48 of 67
A ligament connects?
Bone to bone
49 of 67
What is the tough connective tissue that bound fascicles together?
Endomysium
50 of 67
What structural characteristics does cardiac muscle tissue have that distinguishes it from skeletal muscle tissue?
cardiac muscle cells have intercalated discs, short T tubules and no triads
51 of 67
The movement that moves my leg away from the midline of the body is called?
Abduction
52 of 67
A rounded articular projection is called a?
Condyle
53 of 67
What is a major function of skeletal muscle?
Maintaining body temperature, maintaining posture, storing nutrient reserves
54 of 67
Describe the functional characteristics of cardiac tissue
Special gap junctions, intrinsic conduction system allows contraction without neural stimulation
55 of 67
A cavity that is within a bone, filled with air, and lined with mucous membrane is?
Sinus
56 of 67
What is meant by a shoulder separation?
Dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint
57 of 67
Which bone of the arm corresponds to the femur of the leg?
Humerus
58 of 67
The bones of the skull develop from?
Fibrous connective tissue
59 of 67
What is called the basic structure of the skeletal muscle?
Sacromere
60 of 67
The first cervical vertabra is the?
Atlas
61 of 67
Name a synovial joint
Diarthrotic joint
62 of 67
How would a drug that blocks acetylcholine release affect muscle contraction?
Contraction would be prevented
63 of 67
What are the most important fucntion of the pelvic girdle?
Bearing weight
64 of 67
How many bones are in the adult skeleton?
206
65 of 67
Name the joint: Articular surfaces deep and secure; capsule heavily reinforced by ligaments and muscle tendons; extremely stable
Hip Joint
66 of 67
What factors influence the stability of a synovial joint?
Shape of articular surfaces, presence of strong reinforcing ligaments and tone of surrounding muscles
67 of 67

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Active

Back

The process of inspiration is best described as?

Card 3

Front

Phrenic Nerve

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Increases

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Intercostal Nerves

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Other resources:

See all Other resources »See all FI resources »