American west definitions

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  • Created by: maddy8488
  • Created on: 02-02-14 12:24
Band
A small group of Plains Indians made up of several families.
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Barbed wire
Spiked steel wire ideal for fencing invented in 1874 by Joseph Glidden.
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Barren
land too poor to grow food.
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Bull boat
A light boat made from buffalo hides, stretched across a wooden frame.
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Cattle baron
A powerful cattle rancher who owned a lot of land and lots of cattle.
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Cattle branding
Burning a mark into the hide of cattle to mark their ownership.
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Cattle drive
Moving cattle over a long distance on foot.
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Chuck wagon
The wagon used to carry food and supplies for the cowboys on a cattle drive.
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Claim
An area of land that someone has claimed the right to own.
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Claim jumping
Stealing someones else's land or mining claim
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Cowboy
A man who looked after the cattle in the American West.
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Exterminator
Someone who wanted to kill the plains Indians.
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Forty Niner
A miner who took part in the Californian gold rush of 1849.
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Gatling gun
A type of machine gun.
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Gentile
The name that Mormons use to describe non-mormons.
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Indian agent
A US government official in charge of a reservation.
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Lincoln County war
This was a struggle between two rival groups of businessmen and ranchers. Murders and attacks between the two groups ended in a three day battle in the town of Lincoln, New Mexico, during July 1878.
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Manifest Destiny
The belief of the American people that it was their God-given duty to settle across the whole of North America.
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Moccasin
A soft leather shoe made and worn by Plains Indians.
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Nation
Indian nations were groups of indians made up of bands and tribes and they didn't have geographical boundaries.
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Open range
Large areas of unfenced land which cattle grazed on.
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Perpetual Emigrating Fund
A fund set up to help Mormons to travel to Salt lake city.
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Pioneer
A settler of a new country or region e.g. the West
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Reservation
An area of land set by the US government for Indians to live on.
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Rustling
Cattle stealing
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Sod house
A homesteaders house made from sods of earth.
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Transcontinental
Something that crosses the entire continent for example the railroads that cross the entire of America.
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Turkey red wheat
A type of wheat introduced by Russian settlers that could grow in the hard conditions of the Plains.
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Vigilante
A person who take the law not their own hands.
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Wind pump
A pump that is powered by a windmill and is used to bring water to the surface.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Spiked steel wire ideal for fencing invented in 1874 by Joseph Glidden.

Back

Barbed wire

Card 3

Front

land too poor to grow food.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A light boat made from buffalo hides, stretched across a wooden frame.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A powerful cattle rancher who owned a lot of land and lots of cattle.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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