1. Name 2 parts of the buffalo used for religious reasons.
- Stretched hide formed drums, and bones were used as drumsticks
- Painted skull used for rituals, horns made into head-dresses
- Painted hooves used for prayer, hide made into religious robes
- Meat used as sacrifice, ground hooves used to paint pictures during rituals
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2. What were the three main uses of horses for Plains Indians?
- Hunting buffalo (creates stampede), carries belongings when moving (travois form a sort of cart), used in warfare (quick escapes, traded horses for guns etc.)
- Used for horse racing (betting in the tribe), used to hunt white men, carries belongings when moving
- Hunting buffalo, slaughtered for it's meat, traded for food with white men
- Used in warfare (quick escapes etc.), hides used for tipis, attached to travois to carry belongings.
3. Name 3 parts of the buffalo used for items in the home.
- Cutlery made from horns, bedsheets made from tanned hide, fireplaces made from bones
- Spoons made from the horns, soap made from fat, hooves crafted into tools.
- Dung was used as fuel, bones were made into pencils, horns made cups
- Tanned hide for tipi covers, hooves for toys, tendons made into rugs
4. What were 3 of the 5 main challenges faced by Plains Indians?
- High speed winds, extremes in temperature and the need to move frequently.
- Extinct food source, high speed winds and no weapons.
- Lack of wind, no food and the low temperatures
- High temperatures, lack of shelter and rough terrain
5. What were 2 key features of tipis and how did they help overcome the problems?
- Built flat to the ground to prevent damage from high winds. Flaps at the top could be opened up to allow smoke from fires to escape.
- Holes in the sides acted as ventilation for the high temperatures. Conical, bottom-heavy shape to prevent blowing over.
- Poles used as travois, could be packed in 10 minutes. Made of 10-20 buffalo hides, required little wood.
- Had a waterproof layer to protect against heavy rain. Bottom of tipi rolls up to let in air, and flaps act as shade from the sun.