American West

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1. What were the three main uses of horses for Plains Indians?

  • Hunting buffalo, slaughtered for it's meat, traded for food with white men
  • Hunting buffalo (creates stampede), carries belongings when moving (travois form a sort of cart), used in warfare (quick escapes, traded horses for guns etc.)
  • Used for horse racing (betting in the tribe), used to hunt white men, carries belongings when moving
  • Used in warfare (quick escapes etc.), hides used for tipis, attached to travois to carry belongings.
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2. What were the 2 methods of buffalo hunting?

  • Approaching the Buffalo, Running the Buffalo
  • Shooting the Buffalo, Following the Buffalo
  • Approaching the Buffalo, Shooting the Buffalo
  • Shooting the Buffalo, Trapping the Buffalo

3. Name 3 parts of the buffalo used for warfare.

  • Tanned hide worn as disguises during ambushes, swords made from bones, hooves used as ammunition for catapults
  • Horns acted as arrow straighteners, bones were crafted into knives, raw hide was used as shields
  • Shields were made from flattened skulls, bones sharpened to from arrows, horns were used as knives
  • Hair used as fletchings on arrows, bones used as bows, raw hide used as shields

4. Name 3 parts of the buffalo used for clothing.

  • String made of tendons, moccasins made from hair, mittens made from tanned hide.
  • Mittens made of buffalo fur, meat used for head-dresses, leggings made from horns.
  • Head-dresses made by horns, tanned hide made leggings etc., fur made mittens.
  • Head-dresses made by tanned hide, shoes made by hooves, tendons used for string etc.

5. What were 3 of the 5 main challenges faced by Plains Indians?

  • High speed winds, extremes in temperature and the need to move frequently.
  • Lack of wind, no food and the low temperatures
  • High temperatures, lack of shelter and rough terrain
  • Extinct food source, high speed winds and no weapons.

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