American West

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  • Created by: Lauraa01
  • Created on: 03-12-13 20:50
The Plains Indians weren't what?
The Plains Indians weren't a single group with a single culture - there were many different tribes.
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What were most of the Plains Indians?
Many of the Plains Indians were nomadic hunter - gatherers.
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What would the Plains Indians do?
Plains Indians would follow the buffalo on its seasonal migrations.
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Name the 5 things the Plains Indians would use buffalo for.
Meat, Skins (wool, clothing, shoes, tents), Sinews (thread, ropes), Bones (implements) and Dung (fuel)
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Who brought horses to the Native Americans and in what century?
Horses were brought over by the Europeans in the 16th Century.
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How did horses help the Native Americans?
Horses made it easier for the Native Americans to hunt and transport stored food and other belongings.
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What were Nomadic tribes less vulnerable to?
Nomadic tribes were less vulnerable than farmers to epidemics of European diseases.
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Name 3 of the tribes that settled in America.
Sioux, Cheyenne and Mandans.
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What did tribes in the West rely on?
Tribes in the far West (California and Oregon), relied heavily on craft and trade.
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What did Navajos (from the South) become?
Navajos became successful shepherds after the introduction of sheep and goats.
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What is meant by 'counting coup'?
Counting coup is when you would ride up to an enemy and touch them with a special stick, then riding away.
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What did such symbolic acts of bravery reduce?
Such symbolic acts of bravery reduced the need to kill or be killed.
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What did reducing the need to kill or be killed allow?
Reducing the need to kill or be killed allowed warfare to be sustainable.
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Out of tribes, who would go hunting and go to war?
Hunting and war were men's business.
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Name 4 things women had to do.
Find food for the horses, leading the packhorses when the tribe was on the move, tanning the buffalo hides, making tipis.
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What did the Native Americans believe?
Native Americans believed that humans were part of nature and not masters over it.
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Why were circles spiritually important to the Native Americans?
Circles were spiritually important to the Native Americans as they saw everything as being connected.
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What did Native Americans believe had spirits?
Native Americans believed that non-living things in nature such as rocks and mountains have spirits.
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What did Medicine men have?
Medicine men had strength, courage and understanding of both the visible and invisible worlds.
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What did the Native Americans not have?
The Native Americans did not have writing.
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How were important ideas and histories of the tribes passed on?
Important ideas and histories of the tribes passed from generation to generation by telling stories.
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What is Manifest Destiny?
Manifest Destiny was when many white Americans believed that they were destined to occupy and govern all of North America.
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When was the term Manifest Destiny created?
Manifest Destiny was created by John L. O'Sullivan in 1845.
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When was Gold found and who found it?
Gold was found by James Marshall in 1848.
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What were '49ers'?
'49ers' were fortune seekers who came to California.
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Who created the faith 'Mormons'?
The faith was started by Joseph Smith in 1823.
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What did Joseph Smith claim to have seen?
Joseph Smith claimed to have seen a vision of an angel called Moroni.
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What did Moroni tell Joseph?
Moroni told Joseph Smith to find some engraved plates hidden on a hillside.
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What did Smith do with the engraved plates?
Smith translated the plates and published the translations in the Book of Mormon in 1830.
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What was Polygamy
Polygamy was when you could have more than one wife.
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Who was Brigham Young?
Brigham Young was the person who took over the Mormons (becoming the leader) after Joseph Smith died.
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Where did Brigham Young lead the Mormons to?
Brigham Young led the Mormons to Salt Lake City.
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What did Brigham Young have to do in order to get Utah made into a state?
Brigham Young had to ban Polygamy so he could get Utah made into a state.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were most of the Plains Indians?

Back

Many of the Plains Indians were nomadic hunter - gatherers.

Card 3

Front

What would the Plains Indians do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the 5 things the Plains Indians would use buffalo for.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who brought horses to the Native Americans and in what century?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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