American West

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  • Created by: Frank16
  • Created on: 02-04-15 10:21
What year was the Indian Removal Act made?
1830
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What did the Indian Removal Act state?
Forced all Native Amerians in the Eastern United States to go to Louisiana. This was called the Trail of Tears
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What year was the Oklahoma Land run made?
1889
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Briefly sum up how the Oklahoma Land Run for example lead to the end of Native Anerican life
The US government made Native American territory avaliable to white settlers(OLR) so Homesteaders arrived and the Native American law courts were abolished. The Native Americans had to seek justice in the White Man's court
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Little Crow's war is also known as the ...... war
Dakota
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Describe the causes of Little Crow's war
Fort Laramie Treaty failed: Indians couldn't farm for religious and skill reasons. Indian agents were corrupt: took Indian's rations for themselves. The US didnt pay the money so the Indian's could not buy any rations. Indians very frustrated
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What happened during Little Crow's war?
Indians attacked women and children which led to the US army being called in. This is one of the reasons the White Man called the Indians savages
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What were the results of Little Crow's war?
Nothing was achieved by the Indians because they were forced back onto their reservations where the conditions worsened. The white man won. 38 Indians hung for war crimes
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Who was more responsible for the start of Little Crow's war? The White Man or the Native Americans
The White Man
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What were the causes for the start of Red Cloud's war?
The US buily up stations across the Bozeman trail (the edge of the reservation) The Indians saw this as threatening
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What happened during Red Cloud's war?
Red Cloud started a campaign to attack every station at the same time. This is called Gorilla warfare and was very organised compared to how the Indians normally fight.
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What were the results of Red Cloud's war?
The Native Americans won. The second Fort Laramie treaty was signed which said that no one could enter, cross or settle in the Indian reservations
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Who was more responsible for the start of Red Cloud's war? The white man or the Native Americans
The White Man
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What years did the Great Sioux War go on for?
1876 - 1877
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What were the causes for the Start of the Great Sioux War?
1874 Custer leads expedition to see if Gold is in Black Hills. There was and he told people. Miners invade Black Hills. They dig up sacred sioux land. All of this is breaking the Fort Laramie treaty.
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What happened during the Great Sioux War?
Sioux launch an attack on the miners
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What were the results of the Great Sioux War?
The Battle of Little Bighorn
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Who was more responsible for the start of the Great Sioux war? The White Man or the Native Americans
The White Man
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What year was the Battle of Little Bighorn?
1876
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Who won the Battle of Little Bighorn?
The Native Americans
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What actions by the Native Americans confused the White Men?
They fought a pitched battle. This type of warfare was unusual for the Native Americans. They usually fight a Gorrilla style warfare
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2 advantages that the Native Americans had over the White Men in the Battle of Little Bighorn
Greater men: 3000 Native Americans to 670 White Men. Better weapons: Native Americans had Winchester Reapeating rifles
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Why is it thought that General Custer shot himself?
Because he was not scalped. An Indian that had killed him would've certainly sclaped him but Indians do not scalp a suicide.
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Briefly, what was the White Men's tactics going into the Battle of Little Bighorn?
General Gibbon would march up Little Bighorn river and Lt Colonel George Custer would march round the Wolf mountains as part of a two pronged attack on the Sioux camp
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How come the Native Americans had so many men in the Battle of Little Bighorn?
Native American bands had joined together. The Sioux joined with the Cheyenne and Arapho
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Custer had 600 men. What did he do to them when he reached the Sioux camp?
Split them into three
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What happened after Custer split his men into three when at the Sioux camp?
The Sioux cut off two of the parties. One of those got away. But Custer's men and him all died.
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What is a famous quote by General Gibbbon?
Custer, don't be greedy. Wait for us.
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What is a famous quote by Sitting Bull? What did it show?
The Whites want a war and we will give it to them. It showed that the Sioux were very determined
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Give some reasons as to why Custer was defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Acted alone. Went through Wolf mountains not round so troops were tired. Weakened forces: divided them by 3. Pitched battle by Sioux suprised him. Outnumbered. Arrogant: ignored advice from scouts. NA were desperate and determined. Poor information
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What was the aim of the Dawes Act?
To convert Tribesman into independent farmers
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What did the Dawes Act allow?
Reservations to be broken up into allotments
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What happened in 1890 that was the final blow for many Native Americans?
The massacre of Wounded Knee - Chief Big Foot, led his people away from the trouble only to be massacred by the US army
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What were the US army's 'winter campaigns'
They would starve Native Americans and destroy their homes so they would have to survive the winter on the mountains with no food
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What happened in 1883? Hint: religion
The Bureau of Indian Affairs banned Native American religious customs such as the Sun Dance
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State 9 ways the White Men won the West?
Little Bighorn. Lies. Economy. Technology. Railroads. Slaughter of the Buffalo. The Us Army. Reservations. Education.
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A reason why the White Men won the West was the Battle of Little Bighorn. Explain further
The massacre of Custer's men angered the US army and they set out determined to avenge the deaths.
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A reason why the White Men won the West was because of education. Explain further.
Indian children were forced to attend boarding schools where they were taught how to become white. This means that a lot of Native American values were lost
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A reason why the White Men won the West was because of the railroads. Explain further.
Thousands of armed Americans could travel to the West in a matter of hours
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the Indian Removal Act state?

Back

Forced all Native Amerians in the Eastern United States to go to Louisiana. This was called the Trail of Tears

Card 3

Front

What year was the Oklahoma Land run made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Briefly sum up how the Oklahoma Land Run for example lead to the end of Native Anerican life

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Little Crow's war is also known as the ...... war

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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