American West

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  • Created by: Frank16
  • Created on: 21-03-15 16:45
A push factor away from the east was the poverty. But why was there poverty?
Due to the economic depression of 1837
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A push factor away from the east was the crowdiness due to over population. Why was there this over population?
An increase of migrants from europe
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A pull factor to the west was that it would be a new start. Who would want those fresh starts?
Freed black slaves and ex soldiers from the civil war
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What did the Homestead act state?
Anyone could have 160 acres of land if it is occupied for 5 years
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What were two enabling factors for people moving to the west?
Railways and Indian reservations
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Railways were an enabling factor for people moving to the west. Why?
Enabled a speedy and safe trip
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Indian reservations were an enabling factor for people moving to the west. Why?
Because it minimised the risk of Native American attacks
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Where were the Donner Party headed?
California
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What year did the Donner Party attempt their voyage?
1846
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Why did it go wrong for the Donner Party?
They tried to take a shortcut and ended up trapped in deep snow
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What is Manifest Destiny?
An American belief that it is their God given right to occupy and govern all American land
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What is a Sod Buster and what does it do?
It is a strong steel plough used by some of the earliest settlers on the plains who had to plough the land who needed to break the hard prairie soil
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What did the Homesteaders use as fuel?
Dried buffalo dung
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Who found the first Gold in California?
James Marshall
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Tens of thousands of people rushed to get the gold in California. What were they known as?
The 49ers
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What happened when the 49ers arrived in California?
They panned the streams. However soon there was no gold left and they had no money to go home so were forced to work for mining companies.
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Describe the problems with law and order in the mining towns
Criminals were attracted to the Gold Rush. Also they had to form their own miner's courts. They had no prisons so the death penalty was carried out straight away. There was no right to appeal.
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What did Mormons call non believers?
Mormons
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Who was the Mormon faith started by?
Joseph Smith
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Brigham Young was a great speaker who could inspire many. True/false
False. These were the qualities of Joseph Smith
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What was Polygamy and why did gentiles hate it?
It allows a man to have more than one wife. Gentiles hated it because they were scared that the Mormon population would expand too quickly
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What was the name of the angel that allegedly visited Joseph Smith?
Moroni
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What is Proselytisation and why did it anger Gentiles?
It is the Mormon belief that they should try and convert all Gentiles to become Mormons. This angered Gentiles because they were scared about the rapid expansion of Mormons
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Mormons were active in politics. Why did this anger Gentiles?
Because they were scared of religious inspired legislation
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Describe the Mormon belief 'people of God' and state why it angered Gentiles
It was that obedience would make Mormons God's chosen people in Heaven and on Earth. It angered Gentiles because it was seen as arrogant by the Mormons
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Where did the Mormons first settle?
Kirtland, Ohio
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What years did the Mormons spend in Kirtland, Ohio?
1831 - 1837
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Why were the Mormons driven out of Kirtland, Ohio?
Because they owned a bank containig Gentile's money. This bank then collapsed and lost all money. The Gentiles were furious at the Mormons and so drove them out
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Why were the Mormons driven out of Missouri?
Many of the Gentiles were angry that the Mormons were anti slavery and so drove them out because they were worried that some of the Danites had been plotting with Indians
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Why were the Mormons driven out of Nauvoo, Illinois?
Joseph Smith declared he would run for President. Then some Mormons printed derogatory saying about Joseph Smith because they were angry that he allowed Polygamy. Smith arrested for destruction of printing press. Smith killed in jail by angry mob
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What year was Joseph Smith arrested?
1844
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Who took charge of the Mormons after Joseph Smith's death?
Brigham Young
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What preparations did Brigham young make to keep the deaths due to harsh winters to a minimum?
An advanced party left to set up winter quarters on the banks of Missouri River. They planted crops to feed the Mormons on the journey
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What year did Brigham Young lead the Mormons across the Great Plains?
1847
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Which River did the Mormons follow when getting to Salt Lake City?
Platte River
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Why did the Mormons choose Salt Lake City?
The area geographically was similar to Israel
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Brigham Young wanted Salt Lake City to be part of America. True/false
False. Brigham Young wanted it to be independent of the USA
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What year did Salt Lake City become Utah?
1848
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Why was Brigham Young not pleased about becoming Utah?
Because it had no access to the sea and had no inderpendence
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Who was the first govenor of Utah?
Brigham Young
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Why did the US have to appoint a non Mormon govenor of Utah in 1857?
Because ever since Brigham Young had been Govenor, the Mormons ignored US laws and the Danites suppresed opposition and attacked US officials.
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Who are the Danites?
A violent group of Mormons
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After the Gold Rush the Native American population plummeted. Why? (3 reasons)
Violent attacks, epidemics and being driven off the land
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How did the Gold Rush affect the environment?
The timber that was used formine supports used up many forests, also chemicals used in mining polluted the surronding environment
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How many people died at the Mountain Meadow Massacre?
140 Gentiles
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Who did the Mormons blame for the Mountain Meadow Massacre?
Plains Indians
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It is said that the Mountain Meadow Massacre was without Brigham Young's knowledge. True/flase
True
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Why wasn't Utah allowed to become a state?
It practised polygamy
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When did Mormons abandon Polygamy?
1890
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When was Utah made a state?
1896
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Give an example of how the Mormons struggled when they first arrived at Salt Lake City
The first crops were destroyed by a plague of grasshoppers
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Card 2

Front

A push factor away from the east was the crowdiness due to over population. Why was there this over population?

Back

An increase of migrants from europe

Card 3

Front

A pull factor to the west was that it would be a new start. Who would want those fresh starts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the Homestead act state?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were two enabling factors for people moving to the west?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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