American Civil Rights 1945-1968

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  • Created by: Rose1955
  • Created on: 01-10-13 17:41
What were the Jim Crow laws?
Local laws passed in Southern States which introduced legal segregation.
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How did Southern racists prevent African Americans from voting?
Introduced local laws such as the 'grandfather clause' and literacy tests.
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Describe the stereotype of the 'Good old time *****'?
This described black people as happy to serve white people, who were content with their role in segregated society.
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Who were the Ku Klux Klan?
A group set up by white people who believed in white supremacy, who targeted black people who showed any disrespect to white people.
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How many cases of lynching were there in 1900?
115
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The Klan was portrayed as a heroic group in what 1915 film?
Birth of a Nation
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What year did the Plessy v. Ferguson court case take place?
1896
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Why was Homer Plessy arrested?
For sitting in a white only area of a railway train.
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What did the Supreme Court rule in the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
That segregation was lawful if they were 'separate but equal'.
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Who was A. Philip Randolph?
A black activist who organised the first successful black union, called the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porters.
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In the North, who were the first two African Americans to be elected to Congress?
William L. Dawson and Adam Clayton Powell
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Why did the Cold War have an impact on Truman's commitment to civil rights?
Truman believed America was fighting Communism to promote freedom across the world. This was a contradiction if segregation continued to oppress black people.
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In what year was the report 'To Secure These Rights' published?
1947
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What were the main 6 problems highlighted in the report?
Lynching, voting rights, discrimination in employment and education, police brutality, discrimination in the armed forces, and discrimination in health.
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What was recommended to solve the problem of voting rights?
All local laws that denied black voting rights should be abolished.
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What was recommended to solve discrimination in employment?
By making the Fair Employment Practices Commission permanent.
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What was the name of the African American who was appointed American Ambassador by Truman?
Ralph Bunche
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Who was the first black federal judge?
William Haist
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did Southern racists prevent African Americans from voting?

Back

Introduced local laws such as the 'grandfather clause' and literacy tests.

Card 3

Front

Describe the stereotype of the 'Good old time *****'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who were the Ku Klux Klan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many cases of lynching were there in 1900?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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