American Civil War

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When did the American Civil War begin?
April 12th 1861
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When did the American Civil War end?
May 9th 1865
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How did the Americans attempt to balance the power of the central government and the states?
States were able to create their own set of rights and laws with which no president could easily interfere, this included slavery.
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Who was pro-Slavery and who was anti-Slavery?
The North (Union/Blue uniform) were pro-Slavery. The South (Confederates/Grey uniform) were anti-Slavery
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Why did the South think that taxes were unfair?
The South felt that the tax system favored the North. For example, many southern exports paid extra customs duties, whereas northern exports were less harshly taxed.
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What was the political/people balance like between North & South?
The North had a huger population, with about 22 million compared to the South's 9 million (of whom 3.5Million alone were slaves. The North had most of the nation's mineral wealth, manufacturing, grain and shipping. Southeners were annoyed by this
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What happened on 12th April 1861?
Some Confederate States attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina which was manned by Union troops. They soon surrendered to the Confederate commanders.
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Why were the odds of a Confederate victory very low?
In both industrial and financial resources and in terms of manpower the Confederates were outclassed by the Union forces. The Union also cut off vital imports to the South through the enforcement of a naval blockade.
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What happened on the 21st July 1861?
The battle of Bull Run happened, surprisingly, the Confederates beat the Unions. This deeply demoralized Union troops who retreated in disorder to Washington.
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How did Ulysses S. Grant follow this loss (Union commander)?
He forced his way south, capturing Memphis, Vicksburg and New Orleans. They had gained complete control of the Mississippi river and had split the Confederacy in two!
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Who was Robert E. Lee and what did he accomplish?
Lee was a brilliant Confederate commander, who kept Confederate hopes alive by moving north to defeat a Union army at the second battle of Bull Run in August 1862.
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What happened in July 1863 at Gettysburg?
Robert E. Lee led Confederate forces into the greatest battle of the Civil War, ending with a Union victory. Lee would never be strong enough to take the offensive again.
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What did William T. Sherman accomplish?
William T. Sherman, a Union commander, managed to capture Atlanta in Septermber 1864 and the way was open for Union troops to split the Confederacy again. Sherman then captured Georgia and reached the Atlantic on 13th December, taking everything
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Why is it considered the first Modern War?
It was the first war that saw the widespread of mechanized devices. For example - Rifles, Artillery, Rapid-Fire guns, Railways, the telegraph, Photography, Aerial warfare (for reconnaissance), ironclad ships with turret guns. Look at the doc if unsur
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Who were the 'Blue and the Grey'
This nickname was judged from the colour of their uniform. The Union wore Blue uniform and the Confederates wore a Grey uniform, hence their names.
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Card 2

Front

When did the American Civil War end?

Back

May 9th 1865

Card 3

Front

How did the Americans attempt to balance the power of the central government and the states?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was pro-Slavery and who was anti-Slavery?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did the South think that taxes were unfair?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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