America 1920's General


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Topic 1: Immigration
(This will be the evidence section)
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What was the open door policy?
A policy that allowed 80% of immigrants to pass
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What percentage of people came through Ellis Island? How many people per day?
90%; 5000 people per day
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What was the melting pot idea?
That the different cultures would blend together to become 'American'
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Name 3 things people could be rejected for?
Illness, Criminal record, Illiteracy
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Where did immigrants usually come from?
Europe or East Asia
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What were the Emergency quota and Johnson-Reed acts?
Emergency quota limited immigrants to 357,000/year, Johnson Reed limited it to 150,000
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What was the Red scare?
After Mitchell Palmers house was bombed, anti socialist feeling became strong
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Who were Sacco and Vanzetti?
Two Italians who were accused of murder, and executed despite a bungled trial
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Topic 2: Prohibition/Scandals
(Probably part of either section)
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When was prohibition introduced?
In 1927, as part of the Volstead act, then the 14th amendment
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Who was Al Capone?
An infamous gangster who was the leader of the Chicago Outfit
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How much was he making?
$100,000,000 per year
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What 'good deeds' did Capone do to gain popularity (2 things)?
Lobbied for milk labelling, and opened soup kitchens
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Who was mayor of chicago at the time?
Big Bill Thompson, who was easy to corrupt
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What was Capone arrested for in 1929, and what had happened once he got out?
Tax evasion, and once he got out, prohibition had ended, so the gang fizzled out
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What were speakeasies? How many of them were there in 1927?
Illegal pubs, 32000
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How many gallons of alcohol were seized in 1929
11 Million
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Who was George Remus?
A multi-millionaire racketeer, who held extravagent parties and was in bed with the white house
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Why did membership of the KKK increase?
Many uneducated whites were having to compete for jobs with immigrants
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What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
A scandal in which government oil reserves were sold companies
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Topic 3: Racism
(Probably evidence)
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What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
A scandal in which government oil reserves were sold companies
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Topic 3: Racism
(Probably evidence)
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Why did membership of the KKK increase?
Many uneducated whites were having to compete for jobs with immigrants
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How many Klansmen were there by 1923?
5 million
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What was the NAACP/UNIA?
Organizations that existed to help blacks in cities
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How many people died int he Tulsa Race riots?
100
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Topic 3: Economy
(Main section)
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What 4 main factors lead to the economic boom in the 1920s?
The First World War, The Government's Policies, Mass Production, The Stock Market
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Why did WW1 help America?
It put it massively in credit ($10.25 bn), and were able to get a share of Germany's money
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What did the government try to enter after the war?
Splendid Isolationism
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What were Fordney-McCumber tariffs?
Heavy import taxes on non-American goods.
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What did Andrew Mellon do?
He was responsable for greatly reducing taxation
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What were Yellow dog contracts?
Contracts that forbad union membership
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How quickly was Henry Ford able to produce a Model-T?
One every minute
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How much were Ford's workers paid?
$5/day
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How many radios were owned by the end of the period? What percantage of families had one?
10 million, 40%
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How many cars were owned by 1929?
26 million
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What was buying shares 'On the margin'?
Buying valuable shares for a few dollars down
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Long term factors in the crash
(see separate cards for short term factors)
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What percentage of Americans were below the poverty line?
About 60%
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Which groups were especially badly affected?
Farmers, especially black ones, as they couldnt compete with foreigners and suffered overproduction
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How much more would a city clerk make compared with a farmer?
4x as much
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What did Coolidge refuse to give farmers?
Subsidies
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What was the value of loans taken out by farmers in the 20s?
$2 billion
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Where was the town of 'Netty'?
It was fictional, but property was sold in it (often swampland)
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What did a hurricane in 1926 cause?
A property crash in Florida, that left many people w. negative equity
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What problems did industry present?q
Since people only needed one car, Ford suffered massive overproduction problems
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Why did farmers produce too much grain?
With the open door closed, fewer people needed food
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the open door policy?

Back

A policy that allowed 80% of immigrants to pass

Card 3

Front

What percentage of people came through Ellis Island? How many people per day?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the melting pot idea?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name 3 things people could be rejected for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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