America Legislation

  • Created by: AlexLacey
  • Created on: 08-06-18 14:07
Fordney-McCumber Tariff 1922
tariff 1922 Raised tariffs to cover the difference in costs between imported and domestically produced goods; this limited foreign trade, which was advantageous to US manufacturers in times of economic boom
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Agricultural Credits Act 1923
Farmers were encouraged to co-operate and market their produce together; this Act gave loans to farming co-operatives and allowed large agricultural businesses to produce more efficiently
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Emergency Immigration Law 1921
Imposed a ceiling of immigration from any European country, limiting it to 3% of nationals living in the US by 1911, which favoured western European countries over those from the south and east
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Johnson-Reed Act 1924
Banned immigration from Japan
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Sheppard-Tower Act 1921
Gave states federal aid to develop healthcare for pregnant women
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18th Amendment 1918
Banned the sale, transportation and manufacture of intoxicating liquor within the US
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Volstead Act 1919
Defined intoxicating liquor as any beverage containing more than 0.5% alcohol by volume
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Smoot-Hawley Tariff 1930
Introduced a 40% tax on industrial and agricultural imports and caused a devastating fall in international trade
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Federal Home Loan Bank Act 1932
Set up federal loan banks to help loan associations provide mortgages; these loans were no more than 50% of the property and weren't effective in preventing repossession
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Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932
Established to lend up to $2 billion to banks, railroads and other financial institutions in trouble; 50% of loans went to the 7 largest banks
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Emergency Relief and Construction Act 1932
Authorised the RFC to lend $1.5 billion to states to finance public works that could provide employment
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Federal Emergency Relief Administration 1933
Provided with $500 million to divide equally among states to provide relief for the unemployed
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National Industry Recovery Act 1933
Set up the NRA (National Recovery Administration) to facilitate industrial recovery and encouraged firms to agree to codes establishing better working conditions, pay and product standards
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Agricultural Adjustment Agency 1933
Reduced the amount of acreage under cultivation and paid farmers to produce less, causing total farm income to rise
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Civilian Conservation Corps 1933
Formed to provide young men with useful jobs in conservation; by 1935 it had 500,000 recruits and had planted 1.3 billion trees
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Emergency Banking Relief Act 1933
Shut all the banks for four days with the aim of restoring confidence in the system; the Treasury were authorised to investigate banks under threat and the RFC were given permission to buy their debts
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Glass-Steagall Act 1933
Banned savings banks from speculative investment, gave the Federal Reserve Board more supervisory powers and established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which insured deposits to the value of $2,500 against bank failures
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Truth in Securities Act 1933
Required brokers to offer clients truthful information about the securities they were selling
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Securities Act 1934
Set up the Securities Exchange Commission to oversee stock market activities and prevent insider dealing
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Emergency Relief Appropriation Act 1935
Provided the biggest appropriation in US history ($45.5 billion for public works) and set up the Works Progress Administration, which employed 20% of the workforce by 1940
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Revenue Act 1935
Increased taxes on high earners to pay for New Deal reforms
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Social Security Act 1935
The first federal measure of direct welfare, which instituted old age and disability pensions and offered unemployment benefit for up to 16 weeks
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Wagner Act 1935
Trade unions were given legal rights such as collective bargaining, and the National Labor Relations Board was set up to ensure fair play between employers and their workforce in disputes
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Public Works Administration 1933
Responsible for smaller scale construction schemes such as schools and funded 35,000 projects overall
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Works Progress Administration 1935
Responsible for the construction of large scale enterprises such as dams and bridges, funding 300,000 projects overall
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Tennessee Valley Authority 1933
Created to generate electricity using the power of a river than ran through 7 relatively poor rural states; it was responsible for constructing 20 dams, developing ecological schemes and providing welfare, education and jobs
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National Youth Administration 1935
Under Mary McLeod Bethune, the agency applied positive discrimination to employ more black Americans and helped 300,000 through its work
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Fair Employment Practices Commission 1941
Set up to enforce Executive Order 8802, which outlawed discrimination in the defence industry
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War Labor Board 1942
Set up to prevent industrial disputes which might impede war effort and protect the rights of workers; one of its key policies was equal pay for equal work regardless of race or gender
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Indian Reorganisation Act 1934
Recognised Native American customs and legal systems; each reservation could govern itself and new tribal corporations were set up to manage resources and lands
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Office of War Entertainment 1942
Set up to co-ordinate efforts to film and record wartime activities; training movies and moral-boosting documentaries were made to engender patriotism and support for the war
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Smith-Connally War Disputes Act 1943
Allowed the federal government to take control of any essential industries faced with industrial action
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Employment Act 1946
Formalised the 'Economic Bill of Rights', which committed the government to full employment and adequate welfare provision
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GI Bill of Rights 1944
(Selective Servicemen's Readjustment Act) Offered grants to ex-servicemen for businesses or education and home loans to facilitate home ownership
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McCarran International Security Act 1950
Forced all communist organsations to register with the Attorney General and prevented members from working in defence
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Communist Control Act 1954
Made it illegal to communicate any communist ideation
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Executive Order 9981
Desegregated the armed forces and guaranteed fair employment in the civil service
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Farmers were encouraged to co-operate and market their produce together; this Act gave loans to farming co-operatives and allowed large agricultural businesses to produce more efficiently

Back

Agricultural Credits Act 1923

Card 3

Front

Imposed a ceiling of immigration from any European country, limiting it to 3% of nationals living in the US by 1911, which favoured western European countries over those from the south and east

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Banned immigration from Japan

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gave states federal aid to develop healthcare for pregnant women

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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